Nelson, Rosemery

uncg

There are 34 item/s.

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Shoplifting control through feedback to sales personnel 1978 75 Shoplifting, a behavior engaged in by a large percentage of the population, has major economic and social costs. The purpose of these two experiments was to determine if shoplifting could be controlled by altering the behavior of store personnel....
The reliability of the behavioral interview 1977 131 The primary objective of the present study was to investigate the reliability of the behavioral interview. This objective was operationalized in three ways. First, a generalizability (G) study was performed to establish the generalizability across in...
Mechanisms of change in cognitive-behavioral therapy in relation to depressives' dysfunctional thoughts 1983 102 This dissertation examined the therapeutic components within Beck's cognitive-behavioral treatment in relation to changes in global measures of depression and in specific response classes relevant to depression. Furthermore, the dissertation noted wh...
The influence of rate of behavior and predictability of rate conditions on observer accuracy, rate of observing responses, and allocation of observing time 1982 105 The rate and predictability of a subject's behavior are related to observer accuracy. Since those factors often change during the course of applied research, the accuracy of observational data may inadvertently be influenced. The present study explor...
An investigation of the methodological problems inherent in the use of teachers as observers of student classroom behavior 1974 77 The purpose of the present investigation was to systematically evaluate the use of teachers as observers of student classroom behavior. On the basis of prior studies delineating the methodological problems concerning the use of independent observers,...
Methodological problems in the use of participant observers 1977 201 The purpose of the present investigation was to determine if observations by participant observers would effect changes in the frequency of behavior exhibited by observees (observee reactivity) and/or changes in the frequency of behavior exhibited by...
The effects of differential reinforcement on reliability and reactivity of self-recorders 1974 80 The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possibility of enhancing the effectiveness of self-recording as both an assessment device and as a therapeutic tool. Three hypotheses were investigated. First, differentially reinforcing subject...
Covert positive reinforcement in the treatment of nailbiting : target-relevant versus target-irrelevant consequences 1978 68 Clinicians working within a behavioral framework are frequently criticized for ignoring the role of cognitive-symbolic processes in the formulation and remediation of clinical problems. With the emergence of what some have termed the "new cognitive t...
The effect of pairing self-evaluation with reinforcement on a transfer task requiring self-evaluation 1975 71 The purpose of this study was to investigate on a transfer task the effect of pairing on an initial task self-evaluative statements with reinforcement. If self-evaluative statements become conditioned reinforcers when they are paired with reinforceme...
A comparison of graduated exposure, training in verbal coping skills : and a combination of those procedures in treating fear of the dark in four- and five-year old children 1978 74 While a great deal of effort by behavioral researchers and therapists has been directed at demonstrating the success of their treatment techniques in modifying adult fears (Marks, 1974), relatively little effort has been devoted to the treatment of f...
The effects of direct and imaginal stimulation on physiological and self-report measures : a test of the continuity assumption 1978 59 One of the primary assumptions underlying the "cognitive trend" in behavior therapy and the covert conditioning model of behavior is that imaginal stimuli elicit reactions comparable to those observed with external stimulation. The present study was ...
An extension of Rachlin's commitment model to obese and normal weight adults 1977 83 Behavior therapists are employing self-control techniques to reduce the frequency of behavior such as overeating and smoking. Self-control becomes necessary when a person is faced with a choice between two incompatible responses. One response (lack o...
Cognitive processes in depression : the effects of content and presentation variables on organization and recall 1985 15 The purpose of the present research was to investigate the relationship between depressed affect and the organization and recall of positively and negatively valenced affective information. Experiment 1 examined the clustering and recall performance...
The treatment validity of identifying and treating depression and behavior change symptom clusters in women complaining of the premenstrual syndrome 1985 8 The main goal of the present study was to test a treatment validity hypothesis in relation to premenstrual syndrome (PMS): that selection of specific target behaviors and matching treatments to them would enhance treatment outcome. Thus, this study a...
Postpartum depression : epidemiology and theory 1984 41 The etiology of postpartum depression was investigated within the framework of Aaron Beck’s cognitive theory of depression and within the framework of previous research on postpartum depression. One hundred thirty-two women completed questionnaires d...
Stimulus equivalence and language development in children 1985 24 The stimulus equivalence paradigm offers behavior analysis an approach to the study of semantics. To date, however, no studies of the relationships between language development and stimulus equivalence have been done. Three groups of children, matche...
An assessment of the effects of feedback on the performance standards of type A and type B children 1986 20 Setting high performance standards has been suggested as a key to the development of Type A behavior. While Type A adults set higher goals than type B's, the present study was novel in determining if Type A and B children differ in the goals they set...
Treatment validity of the dexamethasone suppression test 1986 16 This dissertation examined the value of the dexamethasone suppression test in selecting subjects who are responsive to different types of treatment for depression, thereby testing the "treatment validity" of the dexamethasone suppression test. In add...
The treatment validity of classifying obese clients on a cognitive measure 1986 14 This dissertation investigated client-by-treatment interactions in the treatment of obesity and examined process issues related to the two treatments employed. Specifically, the "treatment validity" of classifying subjects on the basis of the severit...
The role of rule-governed behavior in histrionic and compulsive personality disorders 1987 18 Behavioral descriptions of the histrionic and compulsive personality disorders as well as cognitive and bio-social learning theories of these disorders appear to be consistent with the hypothesis that these disorders might be related to dysfunctional...
An investigation of cross-situational consistency in the behavior of compulsive and histrionic personality disorders : an analogue study 1988 19 Despite the relative lack of empirical data about personality disorders, the most commonly accepted definitions of them (e.g., DSM-III-R; Millon, 1981) incorporate assumptions of the relative temporal stability and cross-situational consistency of be...
Sensitivity to aversive events in currently depressed and remitted depressed subjects 1989 9 Greater sensitivity to aversive events exhibited by depressed individuals has been assumed to be a correlate of current depression. Alternatively, Lewinsohn (1985) has proposed that this greater sensitivity may be a predisposing factor in the develop...
The efficacy of the bug-in-the-ear technique in training teachers as mediators of behavior modification 1974 3 In the past, training of mediators in behavior modification principles and techniques centered around clinical settings and involved parents and institutional staff as the mediators. More recently, interest has grown in training teachers as mediators...
The effects of demand characteristics on heart rate : implications for a triple response mode hypothesis 1974 7 The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether a social variable, demand characteristics, could influence heart rate on the behavioral avoidance test(BAT). Two levels of fear, as measured by the fear survey schedule(FSS), and two levels of ...
Cognitive restructuring and verbal extinction effects in treating snake phobia 1974 4 Four forms of group treatment were compared for their relative therapeutic effectiveness in reducing snake fear. The treatments included (1) cognitive restructuring (CR), which emphasized making subjects aware of their irrational self-statements by p...
Group methods for reducing racial prejudice and discrimination 1974 16 Evidence that physical integration does not lead to social integration has prompted the use of structured behavioral programs within the classroom to promote interaction between blacks and whites. The implication of these intervention programs, howev...
The differential effects of phonics versus sight-recognition methods of teaching reading on the eye movements of good and poor second-grade readers 1974 16 The purpose of this study was to investigate how children who had been taught reading by different methods and who differed in reading achievement scan tachistoscopically- presented words. Twenty second-grade children were grouped according to phonic...
The effect of feedback on the reliability of self-recording 1974 5 The purpose of this study was to determine if the reliability of self-recorders could be improved by providing different types of feedback contingent on the reliability of their self-recording. The feedback varied in amount of information: the non-sp...
The effects of group directed versus individual directed instruction within a group instructional setting 1975 3 One contribution of behavior modification to educational settings is the functional analysis of teaching behavior. The components of teaching consist of (a) prompts which set the occasion for a response to occur; (b) student responses; and (c) conseq...
Parameters influencing interobserver agreement and observer accuracy in a vigilance analogue to naturalistic observation 1976 5 Interobserver agreement (reliability) is the usual method used to estimate observer accuracy in naturalistic and contrived observations. Despite the warnings by early researchers and the growing interest in methodological problems involved in the obs...
Training letter discrimination in preschool children by manipulation of the confusability of alternative letter choices in a matching-to-sample task 1976 3 Based on Gibson's theory of teaching children to discriminate letters by means of distinctive features, three groups of preschool children (N = 22) were trained to discriminate letters of the alphabet using three different types of matching-to-sample...
A comparison of the utility of five methods of time sampling 1976 2 The present study was concerned with assessing the reliability, representativeness, and utility of a sequential method of intermittent time sampling. This new approach to taking a time sampling of behaviors involved having one observer track two or f...
The effects of instructions and calculation procedures on the accuracy, agreement, and calculation correctness of observers 1977 2 Behavioral research and therapy often rely on data collected in natural settings by human observers. Research interests have begun to focus on the methodological issues involved when data are collected in this manner. These methodological issues have...
The effects of trait labels on teacher evaluations of target behaviors, ratings, and academic work 1977 1 The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effects of trait labels on teachers' objective behavioral observations, teachers' subjective ratings, and teachers' grading of academic work. On the basis of previous studies examining obser...