Parameters influencing interobserver agreement and observer accuracy in a vigilance analogue to naturalistic observation

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jeffry Allan Kapust (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rosemery Nelson

Abstract: Interobserver agreement (reliability) is the usual method used to estimate observer accuracy in naturalistic and contrived observations. Despite the warnings by early researchers and the growing interest in methodological problems involved in the observation process, there has been no research explicating the relationship between interobserver agreement and observer accuracy. In addition, there has been little research into the environmental and organismic variables which influence interobserver agreement and observer accuracy. In an attempt to address these problems, a situation that is analogous to naturalistic observation, namely a vigilance paradigm, was utilized. Experimental assistants performed two arbitrary behaviors (lifting and/or moving the index finger of each hand) at a preprogrammed rate; the behaviors were automatically recorded by electromechanical equipment. In one-hour sessions, the subjects, who were 36 female college undergraduates, recorded the assistant's behaviors by pressing buttons; the subjects' responses were also electromechanically recorded. The experimental design was a two by two by three factorial design with repeated measures across a 60 minute experimental session.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1976
Observation (Psychology)
Human experimentation in psychology $x Methodology

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