|Beyond Hofstede: Challenging the Ten Commandments of Cross-Cultural Research
||Culture is a pervasive construct. A Google search for "culture" provides over half a billion hits, while the Yahoo! search engine generates a figure over two billion, which is more than for other such popular terms as politics, war, the environment, ...
|Changing the Face of International Business Education: The X-Culture Project.
||Studying International Business in a classroom is a bit like learning how to swim on a grass field. Even if the instructor provides detailed explanations and uses technologically advanced media, the students will not fully grasp the concept of swimmi...
|Crosscultural Differences in Perceptions of Justice; Consequences for Academia
||Most universities around the world have experienced an increase in international student enrollment. Cultural diversity may be greatly beneficial, but if not managed properly it may lead to problems in the classroom and beyond. The challenges associa...
|Culture as a Consequence: A Multilevel Multivariate Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Individual and Country Characteristics on Work-Related Cultural Values
||Culture as a consequence is a neglected topic. Addressing this, we explore what factors are related to and potentially shape culture, what explains cultural variations within countries, and what the relationship is between cultural values at the indi...
|Effects of Cultural Diversity on In-Class Communication and Student Project Team Dynamics: Creating Synergy in the Diverse Classroom
||Most colleges and universities around the world have experienced an increasing cultural
diversification of their student body. Foreign student enrollment has been especially high in North American, West European and Australian institutions of higher...
|Examining the Impact of Culture‘s Consequences: A Three-Decade, Multi-Level, Meta-Analytic Review of Hofstede‘s Cultural Value Dimensions
||Using data from 598 studies representing over 200,000 individuals, we meta-analyzed the relationship between G. Hofstede‘s (1980a) original 4 cultural value dimensions and a variety of organizationally relevant outcomes. First, values predict outcome...
|Half a Century of Measuring Culture: Approaches, Challenges, Limitations, and Suggestions Based on the Analysis of 121 Instruments for Quantifying Culture
||After examining 121 instruments for measuring culture, we provide a historical overview and analyze how culture has been operationalized over the last half a century. Our study focuses on the topics of culture definition, dimensionality of culture mo...
|Negative practice–value correlations in the GLOBE data: Unexpected findings, questionnaire limitations and research directions.
||The study of culture and cultural values continues to be hotly debated among cross-cultural researchers worldwide. Starting with the seminal work of Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck, and Hofstede, and continuing with more recent efforts, researchers have con...
|Opposite Ends of the Same Stick? Multi-Method Test of the Dimensionality of Individualism and Collectivis
||The construct of individualism–collectivism (IND-COL) has become the definitive standard in cross-cultural psychology, management, and related fields. It is also among the most controversial, in particular, with regard to the ambiguity of its dimensi...
|Scale validation via quantifying item validity using the Dm index
||While most validity indices are based on total test scores, this paper describes a method for quantifying the construct validity. The approach is based on the item selection technique originally described by Piazza (1980). However, Piazza’s P2 index ...
|Three decades of research on national culture in the workplace: Do the differences still make a difference?
||At one time, national culture was primarily the concern of tourists and diplomats, having little to do with the workplace. In the latter part of the 20th century, there were a series of international policy changes in many Asian and Eastern European ...