Do cosmopolitans care about the world? The effect of cosmopolitanism on the consumption of sustainable apparel

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jin Su, Associate Professor (Creator)
Vasyl Taras, Associate Professor (Creator)
Kittichai "Tu" Watchravesringkan, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the impact of cosmopolitan consumer orientation (CCO) on sustainable apparel consumer behavior.Design/methodology/approach A total of 469 US responses collected using MTurk were retained for the analysis after screening for unengaged responses. Structural equation modeling was used to confirm the factor structure of the measurement model and to analyze the structural model. A two-step cluster analysis using log-likelihood distance measure and Akaike's Information Criterion was conducted to explore consumer profiles and past behavior.Findings Based on the model results, CCO positively impacts apparel sustainability knowledge, attitude toward purchasing sustainable apparel, perceived norm and sustainable apparel purchase intention. Attitude and perceived norm also impact sustainable purchase intention. The two-step cluster analysis, based mainly on sustainable past behavior, reveals that the group of sustainability engaged consumers knows more about apparel sustainability, has a stronger intention to purchase sustainable apparel, is more cosmopolitan and shows a higher tendency to follow social norms. Consumers in this group also tend to live in metropolitan areas and are slightly younger than unengaged consumers. Originality/value This study expands CCO research linking two major trends in society and industry: cosmopolitanism and sustainable apparel consumer behavior. The study reveals that CCO uplifts consumers' sustainable behavior and provides evidence in support of CCO as a driver of sustainable consumer behavior. Moreover, results imply a positive future outlook for the diffusion of sustainable apparel, as well as a much-needed mainstream consumer adhesion to more sustainable lifestyles. Given the repercussions of the findings, this research has numerous theoretical as well practical implications.

Additional Information

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management
Language: English
Date: 2023
theory of reasoned action, sustainable apparel, cosmopolitanism, consumer behavior, aspirational products, two-step cluster analysis, structural equation modeling

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