The relationship among career aspiration, multiple role planning attitudes, and wellness in African-American and Caucasian undergraduate women

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Caroline Susanne Booth (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jane Myers

Abstract: " In 2002, 60 percent of both Caucasian and African-American women were active in the workforce (USDOL, 2004b), however, it is surprising to discover that overall women only earn three-fourths of men's earnings (USDOL, 1999). Despite unprecedented availability and accessibility of educational and career options, over 50% of young undergraduate women today are continuing to choose female-dominated careers lower in status, prestige, and compensation (National Center for Education Statistics,2002; Spraggins, 2000). The question of why women, particularly young women making initial career choices, continue to choose career paths that place them at an economic disadvantage remains to be fully answered (McCracken & Weitzman, 1997; Nauta, Epperson, & Kahn, 1998; O'Brien, Friedman, Tipton, & Linn, 2000). A number of theories have been proposed that attempt to explain women's career aspirations, however, Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT, Lent, Brown, and Hackett 1994; 2000) has shown considerable promise. Of particular interest in SCCT are the contextual supports and barriers of the model that are hypothesized to influence career aspirations (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 2000). Two important contextual variables known to be significant for women are multiple role planning attitudes (McWhirter, Torres, & Rasheed, 1998; Swanson & Tokar, 1991a; Swanson & Woitke, 1997) and wellness(Brown, 1995; 1996; Krumbolz, 1993; Smith, 2004; Super, 1957), although the true relationship of these variables to career aspirations remains largely unknown and unstudied. The purpose of this study was to test the relationship among career aspirations, multiple role planning attitudes, and wellness among a population of undergraduate women and to examine differences between African-American and Caucasian undergraduates. Specific goals were to determine if multiple role planning attitudes and wellness predicted career aspirations and determine if African-American undergraduate women and Caucasian undergraduate women differed on these variables. Results indicated that multiple role planning and wellness did not predict career choice or major choice but did predict career motivation for the overall sample. In addition, cultural differences were observed in career motivation, multiple role planning,and wellness. Implications of these findings are discussed as is how counselors can use this information to facilitate women's career development process."--Abstract from author supplied metadata.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2005
Career development, Cross-cultural studies, Women college students, Attitudes, Cross-cultural studies, Vocational guidance, African American women, Employment
Career development--Cross-cultural studies
Women college students--Attitudes--Cross-cultural studies
Women--Vocational guidance
African American women--Employment.
Women--Employment--United States.

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