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Irish radicals, southern conservatives: slavery, religious liberty, and the Presbyterian fringe in the Atlantic world

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joseph S. Moore (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Advisor
Robert Calhoon

Abstract: This dissertation is a study of Covenanter and Seceder Presbyterians in Scotland, Ireland and the American South from 1637-1877. Correspondence, diaries, political pamphlets, religious tracts, and church disciplinary records are used to understand the cultural sensibility, called herein the Covenanter sensibility, of the Covenanter movement. The dissertation examines how the sensibility was maintained and transformed by experiences such as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, the Glorious Revolution, the 1798 Irish Rebellion, the American Civil War, and Reconstruction. Critical issues involved are the nature of religious and political culture, the role of moderation and religious extremism, the nature of Protestant primitivsm and church discipline, and the political nature of radical Protestant religion. This dissertation looks at Covenanter movements broadly and eschews an organizational history in favor of examining political and religious culture. It labels the broad groups within the Covenanter movement the Presbyterian fringe. In Scotland, the study examines Covenanter ideology, society, church discipline, cell group networks of praying societies, issues of legal toleration and religious liberty, the birth of the Seceder movement and anti-slavery rhetoric. In Ireland it examines the contested legal role of Presbyterian marriages, the controversial arrival of Seceders in Ireland, as well as Covenanters' involvement in the Volunteer movement, the United Irishmen, and the 1798 Irish Rebellion. In America it studies the life of John Hemphill, the retention of exclusive psalm singing and primitive Protestantism, the American Colonization society in South Carolina, interracial religious transfers, and Reconstruction.

Additional Information

Publication
Dissertation
Language: English
Date: 2011
Keywords
ARP, Covenanter, Presbyterian, Seceder, Slavery, South Carolina
Subjects
Presbyterians $z Ireland $x History
Presbyterians $z Scotland $x History
Presbyterians $z Southern States $x History