Remembering when to better recall what

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Russell Lane Adams (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Peter Delaney

Abstract: The possible role that temporal context plays in recall has been a recurring theme within the spacing literature. This study aims to determine whether remembering an item’s temporal context makes that item more likely to be recalled. Participants were shown lists of spaced and singleton words. The measure of temporal context knowledge was a test on memory-for-when: that is, indicating the serial position of any previous repetition of each word on the list. An accurate guess (plus or minus two positions) was assumed to indicate probable temporal context knowledge. In Experiment 1, a free recall test was used in order to test the effects of knowing temporal context on recall. To examine the impact of having an accurate memory-for-when (MFW), the probability of recall on the final test was assessed as a function of location recall accuracy during the study phase. While items with access to temporal context via MFW were recalled more often than items without MFW, the effect seemed to be primarily driven by the primacy region. Experiment 2 added an incidental learning task to remove this possible confound. The benefits of having MFW persisted in Experiment 2 even without primacy. Together, these findings implicate a role for having access to an item’s temporal context in memory where items with strong connection to temporal context are more likely to be later recalled. Keywords: reminding, spacing effect, spacing, temporal context, free recall

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2021
Reminding, Spacing effect, Spacing, Temporal context, Free recall
Recollection (Psychology)
Time $x Psychological aspects

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