Plasmon enhanced fluorescence of carbon nanodots in gold nanoslit cavities

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Taylor Levi Mabe (Creator)
Jianjun Wei, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Carbon nanodots (CNDs) are featured with a wide range of light absorption and excitation-dependent fluorescence. The emission enhancement of CNDs is of great interest for the development of nanophotonics. Although the phenomenon of plasmon-enhanced fluorescence for quantum dots and molecular dyes has been well investigated, rarely has it been reported for CNDs. In this work, a series of plasmonic nanoslit designs were fabricated and utilized for immobilization of CNDs in nanoslits and examination of the best match for plasmonic fluorescence enhancement of CNDs. In concert, to better understand the plasmonic effect on the enhancement, the surface optical field is measured with or without CND immobilization using a hyperspectral imaging system as a comparison, and a semianalytical model is conducted for a quantitative analysis of surface plasmon generation under the plane-wave illumination. Both the fluorescence and surface reflection light intensity enhancement are demonstrated as a function of nanoslit width and are maximized at the 100 nm nanoslit width. The analysis of surface plasmon–exciton coupling of CNDs in the nanoslit area suggests that the enhancement is primarily due to plasmonic light trapping for increased electromagnetic field and plasmon-induced resonance energy transfer. This study suggests that incorporating CNDs in the plasmonic nanoslits may provide a largely enhanced CND-based photoemission system for optical applications. [The original abstract for this article contains (characters/images) that cannot be displayed here. Please click on the link below to read the full abstract and article.]

Additional Information

Langmuir, 2019, 35, 8903-8909. DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b00448
Language: English
Date: 2019
Carbon nanodots (CNDs), plasmonic nanoslits, photonics

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