Additional alpha-glucosidase inhibitors from Malbranchea flavorosea (Leotiomycetes, Ascomycota)

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mario Figueroa Saldivar, Adjunct Faculty (Creator)
Huzefa A. Raja, Postdoctoral Fellow (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: From the rice-based culture of Malbranchea flavorosea, three new compounds namely flavoroseoside B (5-desoxy-5-chloro-flavoroseoside) (2), 4-hydroxy-2-O-a-ribofuranosyl-5-methylacetophenone (3), and (S)-3,4-dihydro-3-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-4-methyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione (4), along with three known compounds, rosigenin (5), massarilactone B (6), and riboxylarinol B (7) were obtained. The structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. Compound 4 and its synthetic analog 3,4-dihydro-3-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-1-methyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione (9) inhibited the activity of Ruminococus obeum a-glucosidase enzyme. Molecular docking and dynamic studies revealed that compounds 4 and 9 might bind to this a-glucosidase at the catalytic center. Phylogenetic analysis using internal transcribed spacer region revealed that Malbranchea flavorosea ATCC 34529 is related to Myxotrichum spp.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Antibiotics, 71 (10), pp. 862-871
Language: English
Date: 2018
Keywords
natural products, small molecules, Malbranchea flavorosea, enzymatic assay, fungi

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