The relationship of wellness factors to work performance and job satisfaction among managers

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gerald A. Hutchinson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jane Myers

Abstract: The purpose of this study was (a) to assess whether components of holistic wellness were more predictive than physical wellness variables in predicting work performance and job satisfaction in managers, and (b) to assess the utility of components of holistic wellness in predicting work performance and job satisfaction in managers. A sample of 161 American managers comprised the sample. Participants were administered the Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle-Revised (WELR; Witmer, Sweeney, & Myers, 1995), four scales from the Physical Self-Description Questionairre (PSDQ; Marsh, Richards, Johnson, Roche, & Tremayne, 1994), the Job Satisfaction Blank (Hoppock, 1977), and the Work Performance Scale (WPS) created by the researcher. The WEL-R is designed to measure components of holistic wellness. The four scales from PSDQ (Physical Activity, Endurance, Strength, and Health) measure physical fitness and physical wellness. The JSB measures global job satisfaction. The WPS measures eight managerial job performance functions. All instruments were determined to be useful with this sample after undergoing statistical analysis. Multiple regression analyses of the hypotheses revealed that components of holistic wellness predicted work performance and job satisfaction better than physical wellness variables. Occupational wellness was the best predictor, accounting for 12% of the variance of work performance, and 35% of the variance of job satisfaction. One scale from the WEL-R, "Intellectual Stimulation, Problem-Solving, and Creativity." produced statistically significant beta weights in the regression equation for both dependent variables.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1996
Executives $x Health programs
Executives $z United States
Holistic medicine $z United States

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