Social support, coping, stress, and intent to persist in nurse anesthesia students

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Megan Myrick Conner (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Lynne Lewallen

Abstract: Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) are a specialty nursing group providing anesthesia for millions of rural Americans and are essential to the health care system. Seeking this career is stressful, and there are potential negative consequences from stress on students’ health. Increasing the knowledge base regarding social support, stress and coping during nurse anesthesia student education would be efficacious for several reasons: to reduce stress in students, enhance learning, promote student success, facilitate improvement in coping strategies to be carried into practice, and to minimize the economic and sociologic factors of attrition. The aims of this study were to examine the stress, social support, coping and the intent to persist in students using a correlational, cross-sectional, non-experimental design. An online Qualtrics survey was administered to associate/student members of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) consisting of a demographic tool, the four item Perceived Stress Sale (PSS-4) (Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983), the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997), Personal Resource Questionnaire 2000 (PRQ2000) (Weinert, 2003), and three items on intent to persist (Khalkhali, Sharifi, & Nikyar, 2013). Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics for each variable, and MANCOVA to examine the relationship between the independent variables of stress, social support, type of program, type of degree awarded, and the dependent variables of coping and intent to persist. The results showed that as social support and stress were significantly related to coping and intent to persist, and program degree and program type were not related to coping and intent persist. Additional multiple linear regression analysis found that an increase in stress was associated with a decrease intent of students to persist in their education. The results also showed that increase in social support was associated with an increase intent of students to persist in their education. Multiple linear regression results also showed that an increase in stress is associated with an increase in coping. These results have implications for education, practice, and future research within in the nurse anesthesia profession and within all of nursing.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Anesthesia, Coping, Retention, Social Support, Stress, Students
Nursing $z United States $x Psychological aspects
Nursing students $z United States $x Psychology
Nurse anesthetists $x Job stress $z United States
Nursing school dropouts $z United States $x Prevention

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