|Effect of exercise on bone density and body composition during lactation
||"Bone mineral density (BMD) decreases during lactation, therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine if exercise could slow this loss. Women were randomized to either an exercise group (EG, n=5) [aerobic (3d/wk, 45 min/d) and resistance exerci...
|The dietary intake of 2-year-olds born to overweight or obese women and predictors of their body mass index
||The prevalence of overweight among 2-5 year olds has increased from 7.2% in 1988-94 to 13.9% in 2003-2004. Prior research has shown that children of overweight mothers are at increased risk for overweight. The purpose of this study was to determine t...
|Food Habits and Choices, Physical Activity, and Breastfeeding Among Overweight and Obese Postpartum Women.
||Weight gain during pregnancy and weight retention 6 months postpartum are critical markers in predicting risk for life-long overweight in childbearing women. Pre-pregnancy weight, age, race, marital status, income, and parity are related to weight re...
|The effect of a high dairy diet, dairy supplementation, and resistance exercise on increasing lean body mass and decreasing fat mass in overweight women.
||Previous reports suggest that high dairy calcium diets help augment total and regional fat loss in obese women. Other reports suggest that timed protein ingestion before and after resistance exercise can augment lean body mass as a result of resistan...
|The effects of energy restriction and exercise on body composition and bone mineral density in overweight lactating women
||Lactation is a time of rapid bone loss due to hyperprolactinemia, amenorrhea, and increased bone turnover, especially in the lumbar spine and hip. Childbearing may be one of the causes for the high prevalence (59%) of overweight and obesity among wom...
|Relationship of early infant feeding (breast vs. formula) and fruit and vegetable variety in dietary intakes of 2-3 year olds, as may predict child's BMI z-score
||The theory of breastmilk flavor exposure impacting later dietary variety in children was examined. Dietary intakes of 2-3 year olds of overweight (BMI > or = 25) mothers were analyzed. Mothers reported how the child was fed for the first 3 months. Pa...
|The relationships among dietary habits, media usage, physical activity, and BMI in preschoolers born to overweight/obese mothers
||The purpose of this study was to describe the dietary habits, media use, and physical activity of 2 to 5-year-olds born to overweight and obese mothers. Data were collected on 390 preschoolers enrolled in the KAN-DO study. As part of the study's base...
|Diet quality and weight change among overweight and obese postpartum women enrolled in a behavioral intervention program
||Many women enter pregnancy already overweight or obese, and then gain weight in excess of what is recommended by the Institute of Medicine. Evidence shows that excessive weight gain during pregnancy can lead to higher postpartum weight retention. And...
|Diet quality of mothers and their preschoolers enrolled in an obesity prevention trial
||Children of obese parents are more likely to become obese than children of normal weight parents. However, there is little information regarding diet intake of children of obese parents. The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) diet quality...
|The effects of diet and exercise on bone mineral density during the first year postpartum
||During lactation, women can lose up to 10% of bone mineral density (BMD) at trabecular-rich sites. Previous studies report resistance exercise to slow BMD losses; however, no study has looked at the long-term effects of exercise on BMD during lactati...
|The effect of a diet and exercise intervention on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors in postpartum women
||Obesity among women is a public health problem in the United States. Pregnancy may be one of the causes of this, with 56% of women of childbearing age being overweight or obese. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention m...