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Nir B. Kshetri

There are 49 included publications by Nir B. Kshetri :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
The Adoption of E-Business by Organizations in China: An Institutional Perspective 2007 745 The Chinese e-business industry has a number of unusual features. Institutional factors such as strong nationalism, the state's entrenchment in the economy, political cognitive and political normative factors, regulative uncertainty, the role of prof...
Barriers to e-commerce and competitive business models in developing countries: A case study 2007 6967 This paper integrates and extends research on e-commerce in the developing world. We use three categories of feedback systems–economic, sociopolitical and cognitive—to offer a simple model of e-commerce barriers in the developing world. We also exami...
Business perceptions of regulative institutions in Central and Eastern Europe 2010 344 Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, theoretically and empirically, how entrepreneurial firms' perceptions of formal institutions differ across Central and Eastern European (CEE) economies. Design/methodology/approach – The paper us...
Chinese and Indian Trade and Investment Links with Sub-Saharan Africa: Institutions, Capabilities and Competitive Advantage 2013 380 Because of cultural, historical and geopolitical differences, Chinese and Indian businesses have exhibited noteworthy differences in their operations in the economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa SSA. Drawing on theories related to institutions and dyna...
Chinese institutions and standardization: The case of government support to domestic third generation cellular standard 2011 421 There are unique and distinct institutional processes associated with the Chinese government's support of the domestically developed third generation (3G) cellular standard, TD-SCDMA. After postponing several times, China awarded three third generati...
Cloud Computing and EU Data Privacy Regulations 2013 202 The European Union’s Data Protection Directive has been its major legislative instrument for handling consumer data. While the Directive hasn’t been revised since its passage in 1995, there have been dramatic changes in the ways personal data...
Cloud Computing in Developing Economies 2010 2246 The developing world must exploit the opportunities afforded by cloud computing while minimizing the associated risks to allow access to advanced IT infrastructure, data centers, and applications and protect sensitive information.
Cloud Computing in India 2012 250 Cloud computing is still in its infancy in India, but as economic and institutional factors improve, it could greatly accelerate India's digitization and transform how cell phones are used. If appropriate measures are adopted at various levels, the c...
Cross-National Heterogeneity in Retail Spending: Evidence from Longitudinal Country-Level Data 2012 205 Economies worldwide vary greatly in terms of how much their consumers spend on various types of retail activities. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the regulatory characteristics as well as the natures and strategies of businesses are rela...
Cyber-victimization and Cybersecurity in China 2013 89 Seeking insights into cyberattacks associated with China.
Cybercrime and Cyber-security Issues Associated with China: Some Economic and Institutional Considerations 2013 1839 China is linked to cybercrimes of diverse types, scales, motivations and objectives. The Chinese cyberspace thus provides an interesting setting for the study of cybercrimes. In this paper, we first develop typology, classification and characterizati...
Cybercrimes in the Former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe: Current Status and Key Drivers 2013 1201 Some economies in the Former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe (FSU&CEE) are known as cybercrime hotspots. FSU&CEE economies have shown complex and varied responses to cybercrimes due partly to the differential incentives and pressures they...
Determinants of the Global Diffusion of B2B E-Commerce 2002 1953 Compared to business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce, business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce is larger, growing faster and has less unequal geographical distribution globally. In this paper, we examine the current stage of B2B e-commerce development acro...
Determinants of the Locus of Global E-commerce 2001 981 Internet and e-commerce are experiencing hyperbolic growth rates and highly asymmetric global distribution. There is also a significant variation worldwide in the means used to access the Internet and the e-commerce models adopted. This paper attempt...
The development of market orientation: a consideration of institutional influence in China 2009 627 Purpose – China has followed an unique transition from central planning to a market economy. The purpose of this paper is to examine how China's unique blend of capitalism and socialism has influenced Chinese firms? market orientation. Design/methodo...
Diffusion and Effects of Cyber-Crime in Developing Economies 2010 2187 Cyber-crime's footprints across the developing world are getting bigger. The aim of this article is to examine the structure of cyber-crimes in developing economies. Its central idea is that economic and institutional factors facing cyber-criminals a...
Diffusion pattern of Linux: An assessment on major technology dimensions 2005 151 This paper attempts to gain an understanding of the diffusion dynamics of Linux by assessing it on Rogers’ technology dimensions — relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, observability, and trialability. The analysis makes clear that Linux pos...
E-Commerce Patterns in South Asia: A Look Beyond Economics 2005 626 Conflicting and complex forces are shaping the diffusion patterns of the Internet and e-commerce in South Asia. Drawing upon the literature on institutional theory, we explore the drivers and inhibitors of the Internet in South Asian countries. We ex...
Economics and politics of advertising: Evidence from the enlarging European Union 2007 418 Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impacts of economic and political factors on advertising industry in the enlarging EU. Design/methodology/approach – The paper employed random effect time series cross-section (TSCS) models an...
The Economics of Click Fraud 2010 2052 Click fraud is a substantial threat in the cyberworld. Here, the author examines the contexts, mechanisms, and processes associated with the click-fraud industry from an economics viewpoint. The nature of electronic channels, characterized by asymmet...
Economics of Linux Adoption in Developing Countries 2004 682 There was once a time when developing software required only three main ingredients: a user with a need, a computer, and a programmer. Once these three ingredients came together, the resulting team could largely ignore everything in the outside wo...
Entrepreneurship in post-socialist economies: A typology and institutional contexts for market entrepreneurship 2009 1029 There is growing recognition among post-socialist (PS) economies that free-market entrepreneurship is essential for ultimately improving their economic future. The promotion of market entrepreneurship, however, has been a challenging experience for t...
The evolution of the Chinese online gaming industry 2009 2053 Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the growth of the Chinese online gaming industry and disentangle the mechanisms behind the emergence of unique online gaming culture in China. Design/methodology/approach – This is a review paper that provides a ...
An Exploratory Study of the Functional Forms of Export Market Identification Variables 2006 479 Exploratory research demonstrates that the import market potential, import market competitiveness, and "barriers-to-imports" variables can be successfully integrated into a shift-share framework for identifying export markets. The authors present man...
Factors Impacting the Adoption of the Internet among SMEs 2004 1682 The Internet can extend market reach and operational efficiency of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and enhance their contributions to the U.S. economy. This paper reports an empirical study conducted to identify the factors that impact SMEs' invo...
Government Policy, Continental Collaboration and the Diffusion of Open Source Software in China, Japan, and South Korea 2007 984 The scale of development and deployment of open source software (OSS) in the three Northeast Asian countries–China, Japan, and South Korea–is large enough to be noticed at the global level. OSS has redefined the dynamics of software markets in the th...
Improving Open Source Software Maintenance 2010 222 Maintenance is inevitable for almost any software. Software maintenance is required to fix bugs, to add new features, to improve performance, and/or to adapt to a changed environment. In this article, we examine change in cognitive complexity and ...
Increasing Returns and the Diffusion of Linux in China 2007 297 China's unique combination of institutions, industries, and markets has fostered the generation and use of Linux-related innovations. Analyzing increasing returns provides key insight into this proliferation.
Information and communications technologies, strategic asymmetry and national security 2005 682 In the history of warfare, there are a number of examples of strategic uses of asymmetric technologies. Consistent with history and theory, individuals, organizations and nations have spotted opportunities to employ information and communications tec...
Information and communications technologies, strategic asymmetry and national security 2005 682 In the history of warfare, there are a number of examples of strategic uses of asymmetric technologies. Consistent with history and theory, individuals, organizations and nations have spotted opportunities to employ information and communications tec...
Institutional Changes Affecting Entrepreneurship in China 2007 1187 Institutions influencing entrepreneurship are undergoing significant transformation in China. During the Mao era, private entrepreneurship was virtually eradicated and was a political taboo. As reflected in the macro-level economic data, there has be...
Institutional factors affecting offshore business process and information technology outsourcing 2007 1116 Micro and macro level impacts of offshore outsourcing are far from clear. Thus there are some well-founded rationales for and against offshore outsourcing as well as a number of misinformed and ill guided viewpoints. Using institutional theory as a l...
Institutional reforms in the Gulf Cooperation Council economies: A conceptual framework 2008 648 Institutions are slow to change in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) economies. More to the point, institutions promoting free enterprise economy are lacking in the region. Concepts and theory building are lacking on the dynamics and forces related ...
Institutionalization of intellectual property rights in China 2009 457 Institutional field Summary Following the 1978 political and economic reforms, China has undergone a sig-nificant transformation on the intellectual property rights (IPR) front. In this paper, we use neo-institutional theory to examine the institutio...
IT in the Chinese Healthcare Industry 2013 287 China is leveraging the cloud and mobile computing to enable doctors and other healthcare professionals to collaborate, share information, and more easily access reports, scans, EMRs, lab reports, prescriptions, and medical histories. China is also g...
Les activités d’espionnage électronique et de contrôle d’Internet à l’ère de l’infonuagique : le cas de la Chine 2012 352 Meme si environ quarante gouvernements controlent leur environnement virtuel, peu ont reussi a le faire aussi bien que la Chine. Au cours des dernieres annees, cette realite est devenue preoccupante en raison de la diffusion et du developpement rapid...
Mobile Payment in Emerging Markets 2012 538 Mobile payments have been a key driver of socio-economic development in emerging markets. Factors such as advancements in technology, socioeconomic conditions, and the high penetration rate of mobile devices are driving m-payment development in certa...
Offshoring of healthcare services: the case of US-India trade in medical transcription services 2011 2322 Purpose – The issue of offshore outsourcing of healthcare services is a critical but little-examined problem in healthcare research. The purpose of this study is to contribute to filling this void. Design/methodology/approach – A library-based study ...
Pattern of global cyber war and crime: A conceptual framework 2005 1079 The flourishing synergy arising between organized crimes and the Internet has increased the insecurity of the digital world. How hackers frame their actions? What factors encourage and energize their behavior? These are very important but highly unde...
Positive Externality, Increasing Returns, and the Rise in Cybercrimes 2009 949 The meteoric rise in cybercrime has been an issue of pressing concern to our society. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), nine out of 10 U.S. companies experienced computer security incidents in 2005 which led to a loss of $67.2 billi...
Privacy and Security Aspects of Social Media: Institutional and Technological Environment 2012 588 Legitimate as well as illegitimate organizations and entities are gaining access to information about social media (SM) users through illegal, extralegal, and quasi-legal means. Worse still, many organizations and individuals using SM have become tar...
Privacy and Security Issues in Cloud Computing: The Role of Institutions and Institutional Evolution 2013 1499 Cloud computing is likened and equated to the Industrial Revolution. Its transformational nature is, however, associated with significant security and privacy risks. This paper investigates how the contexts provided by formal and informal institution...
Professional and trade associations in a nascent and formative sector of a developing economy: A case study of the NASSCOM effect on the Indian offshoring industry 2009 541 As important sources that shape institutional structures in an economy, professional and trade associations play significant roles in bringing and legitimating institutional changes. This paper examines the roles of professional and trade association...
Recent Trends in Export Promotions in the United States 2011 487 There is significant variation in opinion regarding benefits stemming from the use of export promotion. While promotional strategies are frequently condemned in the press as violations of global trade rules and are sharply criticized by some anti-pov...
Regulative institutions supporting entrepreneurship in emerging economies: A comparison of China and India 2011 427 China and India are touted as new entrepreneurship powerhouses. The two countries’ different institutional history and characteristics have led to differences in environments related to entrepreneurship. There are some well-founded rationales as well...
Reliability, Validity, Comparability and Practical Utility of Cybercrime-related Data, Metrics, and Information 2013 97 With an increasing pervasiveness, prevalence and severity of cybercrimes, various metrics, measures and statistics have been developed and used to measure various aspects of this phenomenon. Cybercrime-related data, metrics, and information, however,...
The Simple Economics of Cybercrimes 2006 540 The characteristics of cybercriminals, cybercrime victims, and law enforcement agencies have a reinforcing effect on each other, leading to a vicious circle of cybercrime. The author builds on key elements of this circle to assess a hacker's cost-ben...
Structural Shifts in the Chinese Software Industry 2005 539 Following the post-1978 economic and political reforms that provided incentives for private and foreign investments, China has left India behind in terms of almost all economic and technological indicators. Between 1980 and 2002, China’s per capit...
What Factors are Driving China’s Mobile Diffusion? 2002 300 This paper identifies and analyses the forces influencing the rapid mobile diffusion in China. The analysis indicates that major factors influencing the hyperbolic growth rate of mobile technology penetration in China include the influence of Marxist...