Participant training and its effect on actual retrospective timeframes

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Shannah Sphar (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
Web Site:
Len Lecci

Abstract: When rating moods (e.g., How do you feel “at this moment”), individuals employ lengthy timeframes that do not converge with the expected timeframe (Lecci & Wirth, 2006). Participants (N = 1,096) were used to validate a method referred to as participant training that increases concordance between the expected and actual amount of time sampled in a commonly employed mood assessment instrument (the PANAS) as well as terms used in mood related research. Results indicate that exposure to other time frames can help to reduce the variability in “moment” and “year” ratings and increase variability for “in general” as well as result in greater concordance between expected and actual timeframes employed by participants. Furthermore, the study examines the effects of the variability in actual retrospective timeframes on the longstanding debate on the dimensionality of affect (e.g., Watson, 1988; Diener & Emmons, 1985; Warr, Barter, & Brownbridge, 1983; Russell & Carroll, 1999, etc.). Participant training does not effect the correlation between positive and negative affect, however, the terms themselves have a significant impact on the correlation. Implications for these findings are discussed.

Additional Information

A Thesis Submitted to the University of North Carolina Wilmington in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts
Language: English
Date: 2009
Affect (Psychology), Mood (Psychology), Time perspective
Mood (Psychology)
Affect (Psychology)
Time perspective

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