The effect of class size on retention in the primary grades : implications for educators and policy makers

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Barbara Hawks Harvey (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Charles M. Achilles

Abstract: This post hoc study analyzed data collected through the STAR Project in Tennessee. This project followed students in early primary (k-3) from 1985 through 1989 in order to study the effects of class size on achievement. Lasting benefits studies are on-going. The current study focused on class size as it affected the achievement scores of students retained in kindergarten and first grade and those not retained in those grades. Demographics for both groups were compared and a portrait of the retained kindergartner and retained first grader was drawn. A literature review of retention and class size was conducted and presented. The sample of retained students in kindergarten and grade one was taken from the STAR database. Demographic and achievement data were obtained for the sample and analyzed using an analysis of variance.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1993
Class size $z United States
School children
Education, Primary

Email this document to