Explicit and implicit memory for affectively valenced material in depression

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Elizabeth Byrd Denny (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Rosemery Nelson-Gray

Abstract: Depressed (n=20) and nondepressed (n=24) subjects' memory for affectively valenced words was assessed with either an explicit test (cued recall) or with an implicit test (word fragment completion). Memory cues were held constant across these test conditions. Under cued recall instructions, depressed subjects recalled significantly more negatively toned than positively toned words, whereas the opposite pattern was observed in nondepressed controls. The differential effect of word valence was absent, however, when memory was tested implicitly, as depressed and nondepressed subjects exhibited equivalent priming of positive and negative words. These data are consistent with Williams, Watts, MacLeod, and Mathews1 (1988) model of depression.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1994
Depression, Mental

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