Parental influences on youth competitive and recreational sport: a battle of perspectives

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kourtney B. Sappenfield (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jennifer Etnier

Abstract: Parental involvement has been shown to influence youth sport experiences. The perception of a parent’s involvement in sport differs between parent and child. For example, a parent might perceive they provide more support than the child’s perception. Ultimately, it is the child’s perception of their parent’s involvement which is likely to influence their sport experience. Previous research has also demonstrated that various contexts like level of play or type of sport are possible factors that influence parental involvement. The purpose of this study was to further understand the perceptions of parental involvement from both parents and children participating in a sport with moderate required parental involvement (United States soccer) at two different levels of play (competitive, recreation). We hypothesized that regardless of level of play (competitive, recreation), there would be a difference in perspectives between youth and their parents. Fifty-one parent-child dyads were sampled from a local soccer organization’s competitive (n= 42) and recreation leagues (n= 9). The Parent Involvement Sport Questionnaire (PISQ) was utilized to compare parent and children’s perception of parental involvement. Children were also asked to follow-up each question with their perception of preference of frequency for each behavior. Data suggests a collective difference in perspectives of parental involvement during and after a game. Due to the inability to compare between competitive and recreation, effect sizes are promising for future research. Overall, parents believe they are offering more supportive behaviors and providing less direction than is perceived by their children.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Levels of Play, Parental Involvement, Youth Athletes
Sports for children
Soccer for children
Parent and child
Child athletes

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