Resilience in Black collegiate women attending a predominantly White institution: a latent profile analysis

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Shakiera T. Causey (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Stephanie Irby Coard

Abstract: The purpose of the current study was to understand and attempt to contextualize resilience and the nuanced experiences of Black college women and discover new information that might be insightful to help dismantle institutional barriers that prohibit academic success and overall well-being. The sample consisted of 288 Black female college students. Secondary data analysis was utilized to examine any significant association between racial socialization, resilience, and racial-ethnic identity. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify resilience profiles. Three distinct resilience profiles emerged from the sample. Resilience profiles related to coping were categorized as cross-ethnically engaged, pro-ethnically engaged, and disengaged and detached. Cross-Ethnically Engaged, was characterized by participants who reported relatively high levels of seeking campus support from within and across cultural/ethnic groups. Disengaged and Detached, was characterized by participants who indicated low scores of seeking on campus support within ethnic groups and across ethnic groups with regard to race-based coping. Pro-ethnically Engaged, was characterized by participants who indicated high scores actively seeking on campus support from members of their own racial/ethnic group as a mechanism for coping. Participants who reported receiving more cultural pride focused racial socialization messages are more likely to be categorized with the Pro-Ethnic Engaged Resilience profile. Those who reported receiving more alertness to discrimination racial socialization messages were more likely to be categorized as Disengaged and Detached. The current study findings suggest that racial socialization is an important process in the development of resilience in Black collegiate women attending a PWI. Racial socialization and ethnic identity foster differing coping strategies based on the type of racial socialization messages being received and the stage of ethnic identity that individuals are in. Findings from the current study indicate that the availability of on-campus support for Black female college students is of great import when considering the different ways race-based coping, resilience and support seeking behaviors are demonstrated. This suggests that more university-driven and diversity focused resources can be the determining factor for how campus climate is perceived by students of color.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Black collegiate women, Predominantly White institution, Racial-ethnic identity, Racial socialization, Resilience
Women, Black $x Education (Higher)
African American women college students
Resilience (Personality trait)
Racism in higher education
Group identity

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