An educational program in breast cancer screening for first-degree relatives of breast cancer patients

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Penny Cunningham Sharp (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Charles M. Achilles

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate an educational program for asymptomatic first-degree female, adult relatives of breast cancer patients designed to increase their participation in breast cancer screening. Two hundred patients were enrolled in the study when they came for out-patient breast cancer treatment at Bowman Gray School of Medicine. Each participating patient supplied personal information on either a sister, daughter or mother which enabled contact through mail and telephone with the relative. The relatives were randomly assigned to either experimental or control group with 191 completing the study. A posttest only research design was employed. Each member of the experimental group received a packet of mailed information and a nurse's phone call, both encouraging screening, followed by a posttest questionnaire three months later. Breast self-exam (BSE), clinical breast exam (CBE), and mammography were explained and participation in screening encouraged. Women in the control group were given the posttest questionnaire 3 months after their relatives were enrolled in the project, followed by the intervention. The efficacy of the Health Belief Model (HBM) to predict screening participation was also assessed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1990
Breast $x Examination $x Education
Breast $x Cancer
Cancer $x Patients

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