The effects of cultural differences on motivation goal theory in physical activity settings

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Duygu Gurleyik (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Jennifer Etnier

Abstract: Culture is an important component, which can contribute to our understanding of human behavior and individual differences in that behavior. According to studies, culture is one of the key factors to enhance our understanding of motivation in physical activity (PA) settings. Cultural differences can influence the motivational climate of PA, which also affects one's perception of achievement motivation. Despite its importance, cultural diversity is rarely examined in a sport and exercise psychology context. This study is designed to draw attention to the potential influence of culture on physical activity behavior and to relate family interaction models relative to individualism and collectivism to a sport and exercise psychology context. This study examined motivational behavior of Turkish and American students physical activity participation. A survey was implemented to compare student's family interaction type, their basic psychological needs in exercise, PA level and goal orientation types. Analyzes revealed that there were significant differences between groups such that American students were more autonomous and more physically active than Turkish students. The results of this sample demonstrate that cultural differences may have a role in PA participation

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2012
Culture, Physical activity, Turkish students, American students
Achievement motivation $v Cross-cultural studies
Exercise $x Psychological aspects $v Cross-cultural studies
Sports $x Psychological aspects $v Cross-cultural studies

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