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A Dated Cruciform Artifact?

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Joseph B. Mountjoy, Professor, Emeritus (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Excavations at a site on the outskirts of San Bias, on the south-central coast of Nayarit, Mexico (1967-8) yielded an obsidian cruciform artifact in stratigraphic context, associated with artifacts of the locally defined San Blas complex. Radiocarbon analysis of marine shell samples collected above, below, and two meters to the north of the obsidian cruciform, has produced raw determinations of 2675±80, 2640±85, and 2605±80 radiocarbon years respectively. This is one of the rare instances in which a cruciform has been found in fairly reliable dated context, adding to present under-standings of cruciform date as well as distribution, potentially important for problems of West Mexico-American Southwest prehispanic contacts.

Additional Information

Publication
The Kiva, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 42-46.
Language: English
Date: 1971
Keywords
Anthropology, Mexico, San Bias, Cruciform, Stone cross, Mesoamerica, Strata, Date