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Three essays on smoking bans

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David R. Black (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Advisor
Peter Bearse

Abstract: This dissertation contains three essays, each on a different aspect of the economics of smoking bans and smoking control policy. Essay One explores the link between cigarette excise taxes, state fiscal considerations, and attitudes towards smoking. Do legislatures use cigarette taxes only to generate revenue or also as a policy tool to control smoking? The paper shows that the level of cigarette excise tax does not seem to be related to anti-smoking sentiment. Signing the Master Settlement Agreement by the states and major tobacco firms seems to have been an impetus for states to raise cigarette taxes. States that enacted smoking ban legislation over the sample period were also more likely to turn to cigarette excise taxes in times of fiscal stress. In Essay Two, the effects of complete smoking bans in restaurants and bars on the prevalence and intensity of smoking are examined. The results of the paper suggest that complete smoking bans have little impact on the prevalence of smoking and have a mixed impact on the intensity of cigarette consumption. While complete bar bans do reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, complete restaurant bans increase the average number of cigarettes smoked. Essay Three uses micro-data at the household level to examine the effect that complete restaurant smoking bans have on the household's dining out expenditures. The essay finds that the bans have no discernable effect on the level of dining out expenditures for non-smoking and smoking households.

Additional Information

Publication
Dissertation
Language: English
Date: 2010
Keywords
Cigarette Taxes, Food Away From Home Expenditures, Smoking Bans, Smoking Prevalence and Intensity
Subjects
Smoking $x Economic aspects.
Smoking $x Law and legislation $z United States.
Smoking $x Government policy.