Gender Differences in Employment Behavior During Late Middle Age

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christopher J Ruhm, Jefferson-Pilot Excellence Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Gender differences in the employment rates of 55- to 59-year-olds are concentrated among married persons. Wives are much less likely than their husbands to hold jobs and, more often, to cite family motivations as their most important reason for not working. The employment disparity is partially the result of the coordinated retirement decisions (combined with men typically marrying younger women), and is probably reinforced by the heavier caregiving commitments of females. Several findings are consistent with traditional role relationships, which emphasize specialization in market employment by males and home activities among females; however, the data are less compatible with a simple pattern where husbands "lead" and wives 'follow."

Additional Information

Journals of Gerontology; Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, Vol. 51B, No. 1, 1996, S11-S17
Language: English
Date: 1996
Gender, Middle age, Employment, Older people, Traditional gender roles

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