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Occupational exposure assessment in case-control studies: opportunities for improvement

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mark R. Schulz, Assistant Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Community based case-control studies are an efficient means to study disease aetiologies, and may be the only practical means to investigate rare diseases. However, exposure assessment remains problematic. We review the literature on the validity and reliability of common case-control exposure assessment methods: occupational histories, job-exposure matrices (JEMs), self reported exposures, and expert assessments. Given the variable quality of current exposure assessment techniques, we suggest methods to improve assessments, including the incorporation of hygiene measurements: using data from administrative exposure databases; using results of studies identifying determinants of exposure to develop questionnaires; and where reasonable given latency and biological half life considerations, directly measuring exposures of study subjects.

Additional Information

Publication
Teschke, K., Olshan, A. F. , Daniels, J. L. , DeRoos, A. J. , Parks, C. G. , Schulz, M. R., Vaughan, T. L., (2002). Occupational exposure assessment in case-control studies: opportunities for improvement. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 59, 575-594
Language: English
Date: 2002
Keywords
Occupational illness, Occupational exposure, Work safety