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Inhibition of DAT function attenuates manganese accumulation in the globus pallidus

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Keith M. Erikson, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is an essential nutrient, though exposure to high concentrations may result in neurotoxicity characterized by alterations in dopamine neurobiology. To date, it remains elusive how and why Mn targets dopaminergic neurons although recently the role of the dopamine transporter has been suggested. Our primary goal of this study was to examine the potential roles of the monoamine transporters, dopamine transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (SERT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET), in neuronal Mn transport. Using striatal synaptosomes, we found that only inhibition of DAT significantly decreased Mn accumulation. Furthermore, weanling rats chronically exposed to Mn significantly accumulated Mn in several brain regions. However, rats receiving the specific DAT inhibitor GBR12909 (1 mg/kg bw, three times/week; 4 weeks) had significantly lower Mn levels only in the globus pallidus compared to saline-treated rats (p < 0.05). Our data show that inhibition of DAT exclusively inhibits Mn accumulation in the globus pallidus during chronic exposure.

Additional Information

Publication
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 23(2):179-184
Language: English
Date: 2007
Keywords
Dopamine transporter, Manganese, Rat, Neurotoxicity