Trauma informed care in recreation therapy practice

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Belle Downing (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Judy Kinney

Abstract: Trauma Informed Care (TIC) is a practice widely used among health care professions to acknowledge the prevalence and effects of trauma while simultaneously preventing retraumatization in clients who have experienced trauma. While TIC has been researched in a number of disciplines including nursing, social work, and art therapy, there is limited research on the use of TIC in recreation therapy practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge of TIC among Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists (CTRS), the extent to which TIC is incorporated in recreation therapy education, and the factors that influence the use of TIC in recreation therapy practice. No study to date has been conducted to determine the extent TIC is used in RT practice. A 71- item electronic Qualtrics survey was sent to a random sample of 2500 active Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists (CTRSs) and received a 22% response rate (n= 541). Results of this study indicated that the majority of CTRSs report using TIC and have a basic knowledge of TIC concepts. Results also indicated that recreation therapists could benefit from increased TIC education in recreation therapy courses and hands-on, experiential TIC training. In addition to this, CTRSs who practiced TIC reported receiving more TIC education through academia, employers, EBP, and conference sessions than CTRSs who did not practice TIC.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2022
Recreational Therapy, Therapeutic Recreation, Trauma Informed, Trauma Informed Care
Recreational therapy
Psychic trauma

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