Development and psychometric validation of the chronic life stress questionnaire : a multidomain measure of chronic stress exposure

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gail M. Corneau (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn

Abstract: Chronic life stress—ongoing, non-acute strain—is implicated in physical and psychiatric disease pathways, including depression, but is understudied. Critically, the absence of psychometrically sound, valid, and efficient measures for comprehensively assessing chronic stress exposure represents a barrier to its further study. The present study developed and evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chronic Life Stress Questionnaire (CLSQ), which is based on the well-regarded UCLA Life Stress Interview (LSI). The CLSQ’s properties, including its reliability, factor structure, and validity, were examined using the classical test theory framework. Analyses drew on data collected from four diverse samples of young adults (N = 787) at three academic institutions. The final CLSQ contained 107 items assessing chronic stress in ten life domains. Results indicated that the large majority of CLSQ scales showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis with a two-factor structure yielded mixed evidence of acceptable model fit. However, factor analytic findings shed light on forms of chronic stress—namely family relationship and academic stress—that were associated with chronic stress in multiple life domains; these findings may guide future research efforts into stress spillover mechanisms among young adults. Analyses examining construct, criterion, and discriminant validity of the CLSQ scales also yielded promising results. Findings suggest future avenues for iterative development and for empirical investigation using the CLSQ, which provides a viable, efficient avenue for comprehensively assessing chronic stress exposure in young adults.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2022
Chronic Stress, Depression, Measurement, Scale Development
Stress (Psychology) $x Testing
Psychological tests

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