Gender Differences in Kin Contact and Reliance

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Janice I. Farkas Wassel, Director (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Intergenerational research has focused on contact of parent and adult children in the United States and their reliance on one another. But research has not addressed how these intergenerational relationships in the United State compare to those in other developed countries. In this research we compare intergenerational contact and kin reliance of seven urban industrialized countries using the International Social Survey Program. We also examine gender differences in the parent-child dyad on the likelihood of contact and support. We find country differences on visiting and contact between parents and children when compared to the United States. Aging parents in Australia and Hungary are more willing to rely on kin. Adult children visit parents more in Hungary and Italy and less in Australia. In all countries established gender role expectations for helping kin hold with sons having less contact with parents. Father rely on sons, sons on fathers, mothers on daughters and daughters on mothers. Reliance on kin is consistently correlated with frequency of personal contact.

Additional Information

Population Research Institute Working Paper Series (Penn State). No. 94-01
Language: English
Date: 1994
intergenerational relationships, International Social Survey Program, gender differences, parent-child relationships

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