A factor analysis of the motivation of women collegiate athletes

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gladys Smith (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Pearl Berlin

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to test a tentative theory of the motivation of women collegiate athletes as formulated by Berlin. The responses of 224 women athletes to a forced-choice, structured Q-sort were collected. Twelve colleges/universities and seven different sports were represented by the female competitors. Sort responses were factor analyzed by means of a principal component analysis. The initial factor matrix was rotated using the Varimax rotation criterion. Fifteen rotated factors, accounting for 49.9% of the total variance, were identified as essential components in the structure of collegiate women's motives to engage in competitive sport. These factors were designated: (a) commitment to goals, (b) coping with failure, (c) skill-related adjustment, (d) responsiveness to pressure, (e) self-confidence, (f) sociability, (g) release, (h) ego-gratification, (i) belongingness, (j) anxiousness, (k) adventure, (1) self-interest, (m) effectiveness, (n) social accommodation, and (o) conflict adaptation. Results supported the horizontal structure of the model as conceptualized by Berlin, but did not validate the vertical structure. Implications of these findings for the restructuring of the model were discussed, and a revised model was presented.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1975

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