Complementary and similarity encoding : developmental trends and the relationship to adult recall

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mary Katherine Greenberg (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Mary Geis

Abstract: Potential age differences in encoding strategies and their effects on memory performance were investigated in two related experiments. Underlying these investigations was Underwood's (1969) hypothesis that the internal memory for an event may be conceptualized as a collection of attributes. Developmental variations in the encoding of verbal materials along the semantic dimensions of similarity and complementarity suggested by Denney (1974a) were examined in Experiment 1. Complementary dimensions were defined as having functional-contiguous relationships; similarity dimensions were defined as having synonymous or superordinate criteria. A false-recognition paradigm was employed to investigate the salience of these dimensions for first graders, sixth graders, college students, and elderly adults over 65. Experiment 2 was designed to examine the relationship between type of encoding and retention. In an incidental learning task, college students were forced to encode along either complementary or similarity dimensions to determine whether subsequent recall varies as a function of encoding type employed. The results of Experiment 1 indicated that developmental differences in encoding occurred. However, these variations were not in accord with those suggested by Denney (1974a). The results of Experiment 1 indicated that similarity dimensions were used by first graders, that college students and elderly adults employed complementary dimensions, and that sixth graders demonstrated no preference for encoding type. It was suggested that, if children younger than six years were tested, the developmental shift predicted by Denney might be found.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1975
Recollection (Psychology)
Memory $x Age factors

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