The effects of three behavioral treatments on sleep difficulties of college students

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Thomas Peter Tokarz (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
P. Scott Lawrence

Abstract: Sixty college students who had sleep difficulties in the form of taking approximately 30 minutes or longer to get to sleep at night were treated in groups by either (1) Relaxation Training (RT), (2) Slef-Regulation of Thoughts (ST), a technique similar to "Thought Stopping,” where the individual learns how to stop and start his thoughts, (3) Combined Treatment (CT), a combination of RT and ST treatments, (4) Group Discussion (GD), a placebo control group in which no direct therapeutic techniques were employed, or (5) No-Treatment Control (NC), which received CT treatment subsequent to follow-up. There was a significant reduction from baseline to follow-up across all treatment groups for the following three dependent measures: latency to sleep onset, difficulty getting to sleep, and number of times awakened. There also was a significant increase in the degree of restedness from baseline to follow-up across all treatment groups. The subjects in the RT group reported significantly less difficulty getting to sleep than the NC subjects across all phases of the study. Furthermore the subjects in RT, GT, and ST conditions also reported significantly greater degrees of restedness upon awakening than subjects in NC group across all phases of the study.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1974
Sleep disorders
Behavior modification

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