Effects of short-term father absence on perceptions of paternal discipline toward aggression

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Gaila Marie Twitty (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Helen Canaday

Abstract: The study was undertaken to investigate the effects of short-term father absence on intact family members' perceptions of father's discipline toward children's aggressive behavior. Eighty intact family groups composed of mothers, fathers, and children (40 boys and 40 girls) were used. These intact family groups were divided into two groups of 40 each: Group A whose fathers were regularly absent only during the working day. Two methods were used in selecting the sample: (1) direct contact through preschool programs and (2) asking wives in the father-absent group to supply names of additional people who might be eligible for the father-present group. For both children and parents an adaptation of the Parental Punitiveness Scale (PPS) developed by Epstein and Komotita (1965) was used. Two sets of silhouette drawings (one for boys and one for girls) depicting each of the four disciplinary options given in the scale were developed. This adaptation was made because the children were between four years and 6 years 11 months. The estimated reliability coefficient of correlation was .75 which is above the p <.01 level of confidence.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1972

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