"Trigger events" for depressed affect in sociotropic vs. autonomous individuals : a test of the specificity hypothesis

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Diane E. Johnson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Rosemery Nelson-Gray

Abstract: This study was designed to investigate possible trigger events for depression. The specificity hypothesis states that certain personality types make a person vulnerable to depression when trigger events that match their personality are present. Two personality vulnerabilities related to depression have been described: Sociotropic people are concerned with pleasing others while autonomous persons are concerned about failure. It was hypothesized that sociotropic individuals would report more depressed affect following social loss scenarios and autonomous individuals would report more depressed affect following achievement failure scenarios. Persons scoring high on both dimensions would report more depressed affect following both types of negative events. Eighty female undergraduate college students served as research participants, based on their Sociotropy and Autonomy scores as determined by the Personal Style Inventory, Version II (PSI; Robins, Ladd, & Luten, 1990). Four groups were formed: High Sociotropy/Low Autonomy, Low Sociotropy/High Autonomy, High Sociotropy/High Autonomy, Low Sociotropy/Low Autonomy. Each participant observed two sets of videotaped scenes, one depicting social loss and one depicting achievement failure, and rated their mood on the Depressive Adjective Check Lists (DACL; Lubin, 1981) following each set of videotapes.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1994
Depression, Mental
Autonomy (Psychology)

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