Application of Gray's theory of personality to the DSM-III-R personality disorders : multivariate and behavioral findings

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Richard Francis Farmer (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rosemery Nelson-Gray

Abstract: Recent years have witnessed a rapid growth of published reports on the descriptive features associated with the personality disorders. Despite growing recognition of the existence and clinical relevance of these disorders, there has been relatively little systematic experimental research performed, perhaps because of an absence of a testable, guiding theoretical framework. In the recognition that descriptive studies without the benefit of a guiding theoretical framework can only provide limited understanding, this study examined the applicability of Jeffrey Gray's structural and behavioral theory of personality to a subset of the DSM-HI-R personality disorders. Two independent samples, a normative and a research sample, were employed in this study to test some of the basic assumptions of Gray's theory. The normative sample consisted of 477 college undergraduates. This sample's primary roles in this study included the evaluation of some of the structural assumptions of Gray's model as well as the provision of a context for understanding the smaller research sample. The research sample, self-selected based on individual perceptions of oneself as being anxious or impulsive, was composed of 77 persons who responded to advertisements in local periodicals. This sample's principle roles in this research included: (a) the further evaluation of some of the structural assumptions of Gray's theory, (b) the evaluation of Gray's behavioral predictions arising from his structural model, and (c) the evaluation of the applicability of a subset of the DSM-III-R personality disorders, specifically the "anxious-fearful" and "erratic-dramatic" disorders, to Gray's structural and behavioral theory.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1993
Personality disorders $x Research

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