The use of pitch imagery in the management of trumpet embouchure : a theoretical consideration

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
James Edward Gardner (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Frederick Beck

Abstract: The purpose of this paper was to consider theoretically the use of pitch imagery in the management of trumpet embouchure. At issue was the pedagogical recommendation that a trumpeter should know the pitch of a note before playing it and then rely on that pitch image to manage automatically the physical operation of the embouchure. A review of current psychomotor theory and related research lent validity to the recommendation. Pitch imagery could be characterized as pre-cuing or preprogramming information used in the setting of prestructured commands operating a motor program in an automatic, open-loop fashion described within motor schema theory. The fine-tuning of skill by feedback evaluation and error correction during performance was suggested to be automatic and unconscious in nature. Hence, conscious attention during performance may remain on pitch imagery rather than evaluation of embouchure activity.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1990
Imagery (Psychology)
Musical pitch
Trumpet $x Instruction and study
Trumpet $v Methods

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