An investigation of the relationships among leadership styles, occupational stress, and type A behavior of principals

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Norman Charles Bradford (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Charles M. Achilles

Abstract: Principals experience many pressures as they perform their daily duties. They are involved with teachers, parents, students, and members of the community. They must motivate, discipline, counsel, and direct activities. Their leadership styles, behavioral characteristics, and abilities to deal with stress are important in their roles as administrative and instructional leaders of the school. This study investigated the relationships among leadership styles and effectiveness, degree of occupational stress, and Type A behavioral characteristics of principals. The Leader Effectiveness and Adaptability Description-Self, the Administrative Stress Index, and the Behavior Activity Profile were mailed to 56 Middle, Junior, and High school principals in Western North Carolina. Surveys from 51 principals (91%) were returned. The Spearman rho and the Pearson r correlation procedures were used to determine the degree of relationship among variables in the study. Six null hypotheses were proposed. Statistical analyses of the hypotheses were obtained by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences-X.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1989
High school principals $x Attitudes
Junior high school principals $x Attitudes
High school principals $x Job stress
Junior high school principals $x Job stress
Type A behavior

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