Environmental Degradation: Communities forging a path forward

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Cathryne L. Schmitz, Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Environmental degradation is well-known as a major cause of conflict as communities suffer from the effects of climate change, threat of toxins and depletion of natural resources (United Nations, 2009). The consequences are dire as environmental degradation impacts ecological and human health, leads to migration as people seek a safer habitat and gives rise to conflict precipitated by competition over increasingly limited resources (Sloan, Joyner, Stakeman & Schmitz, 2018). Although destructive conflict may result from environmental degradation, there are situations in which communities have come together to respond to environmental degradation with strategies that protect the environment and contribute to economic and political sustainability. This paper examines responses to ecological degradation through case studies. The Greenbelt Movement in Kenya, local peace building in Somaliland and two sites in the United States experiencing the destruction of their communities caused by the extraction of natural resources are compared and contrasted to identify models that support environmental remediation and the building of peace rather than escalating violent conflict.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Transdisciplinary Peace Praxis, 1(1) 13-38, 1/2019.
Language: English
Date: 2019
Keywords
Social movements, environmental remediation, indigenous rights, community peacebuilding

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