The reduction of test, state and trait anxiety by two variants of stress inoculation training

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Richard A. Hussian (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
P. Scott Lawrence

Abstract: The recent differentiation between state and trait anxiety suggests that differential therapeutic approaches should be designed to treat both situation-specific and generalized anxieties. To test this assumption, test anxiety was chosen as an easily definable state anxiety. Forty-eight highly test-anxious subjects, students in the introductory psychology class at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions. Two experimental conditions, a test-specific stress inoculation training (TSIT) and a generalized stress inoculation training (GSIT) condition were compared with each other and with two control conditions, a discussion control (DC) and a waiting-list control (WLC). Subjects were administered the Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), a verbal rating sheet, and the Fear Survey Schedule (FSS-III); their psychology test scores were recorded before and after the treatment. Treatment consisted of three 50-minute sessions conducted on an individual basis. A 3-week follow-up and an 8-month follow-up used the same measures, but only the data from the first follow-up are reported. On all measures except test grades, test-specific inoculation training proved superior to the control groups and generalized stress Inoculation training was superior to the waiting-list control. The two stress inoculation training procedures did not differ on any of the measures. The data suggest that the nature of the coping statements might be the important factor.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1977

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