The legal aspects of stigmatizing teachers in nonrenewal and dismissal

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jane Kelly Carrigan (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Joseph E. Bryson

Abstract: Teachers are employees of school boards. The employment of teachers has been tempered over the years by various attitudes by the courts as to individual rights relating to employment. During the latter part of the nineteenth century and first half of the twentieth century, teachers were thought to be hired by "grace" of school boards. School boards could, at any time, terminate a teacher for any reason regardless of the teacher's constitutional rights. Maintaining a teaching position was regarded as a privilege instead of a right. This feeling of the courts led to the development of the right-privilege doctrine. Around the middle of the twentieth century, the attitude of courts changed to view teachers as possessing constitutionally protected interests throughout terms of employment. During the mid-nineteen fifties and sixties the Supreme Court began to rule against the right-privilege doctrine of an earlier period. Court rulings took two distinct approaches. The first- one involved the doctrine of unconstitutional conditions while the second spoke to constitutionally protected interests which teachers have in "liberty" and "property" with respect to employment.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1979
Teachers $x Dismissal of $z United States
Teachers $x Legal status, laws, etc. $z United States
Teacher-school board relationships $z United States

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