The effect of equalizing task demands on sex differences in lower extremity energy absorption

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Randy J. Schmitz, Associate Professor (Creator)
Sandra J. Shultz, Professor and Chair (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Background: Less lean mass and strength may result in greater relative task demands on females compared to males when landing from a standardized height and could explain sex differences in energy absorption strategies. We compared the magnitude of sex differences in energy absorption when task demands were equalized relative to the amount of lower extremity lean mass available to dissipate kinetic energy upon landing.Methods: Male–female pairs (n = 35) were assessed for lower extremity lean mass with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Relative task demands were calculated when landing from a standardized height. Based on the difference in lower extremity lean mass within each pair, task demands were equalized by increasing the drop height for males. Joint energetics were measured while landing from the two heights. Multivariate repeated measures ANOVAs compared the magnitude of sex differences in joint energetics between conditions.Findings: The multivariate test for absolute energy absorption was significant (P < 0.01). The magnitude of sex difference in energy absorption was greater at the hip and knee (both P < 0.01), but not the ankle (P = 0.43) during the equalized condition compared to the standardized and exaggerated conditions (all P < 0.01). There was no difference in the magnitude of sex differences between equalized, standardized and exaggerated conditions for relative energy absorption (P = 0.18).Interpretation: Equalizing task demands increased the difference in absolute hip and knee energy absorption between sexes, but had no effect on relative joint contributions to total energy absorption. Sex differences in energy absorption are likely influenced by factors other than differences in relative task demands.

Additional Information

Clinical Biomechanics 2014;29(7):760-766.
Language: English
Date: 2014
Lean mass, Landing, Energy absorption, Body composition, ACL injury

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