The influence of exercise type and motivation on music preference

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Stephanie Leigh Barrett (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Diane Gill

Abstract: Music is employed rather ubiquitously in exercise settings and has been shown to contribute positively to exercise motivation. It would seem that individuals listen to music that is preferable to them for the duration of their exercise participation; however, the role of music preferences in the music-motivation-exercise relationship has remained largely unexplored. There is evidence to support significant differences in the music preferences of exercisers during different modes and intensities of exercise. The differential effects of music during various exercise types suggest that individuals may prefer different types of music depending on the psychological and physiological demands of the exercise. However, there is a dearth of literature on whether individuals have task-specific music preferences during exercise. The primary purpose of this study was to examine if music preferences differ significantly across four different exercise conditions of varying mode and intensity. Additionally, the exercise motivation of the participants was explored as a potential between-subjects factor in these analyses. Repeated-measures analyses of variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze the data. Results indicate that, overall, ‘Energetic & Rhythmic’ music was preferred among the participant sample regardless of exercise condition. Additionally, preferences for all music categories were significantly higher in the baseline condition than all of the exercise conditions. Preferences for ‘Upbeat & Conventional’ music were significantly higher in the ‘low’ motivation group than in the ‘high’ motivation group. In conclusion, the findings from this research did not support hypothesized differences, which may be due to limitations in the study and that research on music preferences in the exercise domain is still in its early stages. Continued exploration of this topic with a more diverse sample and methodological modifications may yield clearer results, which can contribute to the literature on motivational music and how music can be used to improve performance and exercise adherence.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Exercise type, Motivation, Music preference
Exercise $x Psychological aspects
Motivation (Psychology)
Music, Influence of
Music $x Physiological aspects

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