Role of leptin as antioxidant in obstructive sleep apnea: an in vitro study using electron paramagnetic resonance method

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Zhenquan Jia, Assistant Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Introduction: As in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the chronic cycles of hypoxia and reoxygenation are thought to be conducive of oxidative stress (OS) with generation of reactive oxygen species, identifying effective mechanisms of protection against oxidant-mediated tissue damage becomes of outmost importance. Leptin’s role had been recently extended into that of participant to OS; while its exact role in this process is yet to be defined, elevated leptin levels correlate significantly with several indices of OSA disease severity such as nocturnal hypoxemia, possibly acting as a counteractive mechanism against the chronic intermittent hypoxia-related OS and serving as a marker of future risk of atherosclerotic disease. We therefore investigated leptin’s antioxidant mechanism on superoxide (O 2 -• ) anions using spectrophotometry and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Methods: The O 2 -• was generated by oxidation of xanthine (XAN) by xanthine oxidase (XO) in the presence of spin trap 5-diethoxyphosphoryl-5-methyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide with various concentrations of leptin (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mg/ml) and without leptin. Signal intensity between 3,440 and 3,540 G was expressed as standard means ± SD. The activity of leptin on XO was determined by monitoring the conversion of XAN to uric acid at 293 nm using a Beckman DU 800 UV–visible spectrophotometer. Results: Leptin added to aqueous solutions at 0.1 and 1 mg/ml concentrations was associated with a statistically significant decrease in the EPR signal due to leptin’s direct scavenging activity towards the O 2 -• . Conclusion: Leptin is an antioxidant agent of possible use as a marker of OS and future risk of atherosclerotic disease in OSA.

Additional Information

Sleep and Breathing, 17(1), 105-110
Language: English
Date: 2013
Leptin, Antioxidants, Electron paramagnetic resonance

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