An evaluation of an after-school soccer program for at-risk sixth grade boys using the TPSR model

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mark B. Cryan (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Thomas J. Martinek

Abstract: The Soccer Coaching Club program utilized the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model in an after-school soccer program for sixth grade boys between 11 and 12 in a local middle school. Soccer, as the featured physical activity, provided the "hook" for regular attendance. Desired outcomes included improved self-control, respect, and cooperation with others. Research efforts included formative program evaluation, focusing on fidelity to the TPSR model, and summative evaluations of immediate impacts on participant understanding of TPSR concepts and participant behavior, as part of the program evaluation. A mixed methods approach was utilized, and data was gathered through a validated survey instrument, a program narrative, and post-program interview with the participants' classroom teachers. Using the two factor model of analysis of the survey data (Li, et al, 2008), the program evaluation yielded statistically significant improvements in the factor of social responsibility, although no statistically significant change was measured in the second area, personal responsibility. The observational data including the program narrative and the data gathered through the validated observational instrument provided evidence of frequent use of the strategies associated with fidelity in implementing a TPSR program and participant behaviors consistent with TPSR learning. The post-program interview with the participants' classroom teachers yielded observations that indicated some element of transference of program principles to the classroom, and both the classroom teachers and the school's leadership expressed overwhelming support for the program's return next spring and a desire for similar programs in the fall, another indicator of a successful program.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2013
Development, Management, Sport, Youth
After-school programs $z United States $x Evaluation
Problem youth $x Services for $z United States
Problem youth $x Behavior modification $z United States
Soccer $x Social aspects $z United States

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