Why nonsuicidal self-injury?: examining the validity of steps of a decisional model of nonsuicidal self-injury under distress

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christopher Robertson (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Rosemery Nelson-Gray

Abstract: The most common reason for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is to reduce distress (Klonsky, 2007), yet it is unclear why people decide to use NSSI to reduce distress on a specific occasion. This study tested separate steps of a decision making model (adapted from Janis & Mann, 1977) about using NSSI to reduce distress. College students who have previously self-injured were administered 14-21 daily online questionnaires about coping behavior and decisions. Results supported each step of the model and indicated that NSSI was more likely when someone is more distressed, less hopeful to find another coping behavior, and can find solitude, amongst other findings. These results highlight potential areas of clinical intervention including specific cognitions to modify and improving social support. This study should be improved and replicated in future research.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2013
Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, NSSI, Self-Harm, Self-Injurious Behavior, Self-Mutilation, SIB
Self-injurious behavior $x Psychological aspects
College students $x Mental health

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