Influencing a physically active lifestyle through instructional practices in university basic instruction courses

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kevin D. Moennich (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Catherine Ennis

Abstract: University graduation requirements for physical education courses termed Basic Instruction Courses (BIC) are at an all-time low. This is contradictory to university research support for the importance of lifetime physical activity (PA). BICs should be examined to identify best instructional practices to influence future PA. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional best practices BIC instructors used to increase students' intentions for future PA. Four Future Practice categories were generated from a pilot study (Social interactions, community, enjoyment, persuasion/role modeling). This study examined the use of these practices in a beginner level soccer course. A beginning volleyball BIC, in which students did not receive the Future Practices program, served as a comparison condition. Data sources for this research were The Physical Activity Intention Adherence Questionnaire (PAIAQ), the Basic Instruction Course Self-Survey (BICSS), student interviews, lesson observations, and instructor journals and checklists. The PAIAQ and BICSS were analyzed descriptively, while the qualitative data was analyzed using open and axial coding to identify themes across data sources. Results displayed no statistically significant changes between classes from pre-tests (Wilks λ=.85, F=1.58, p=.20 with equal variance assumed: Box's M=9.50, p=59). However, the BICs showed more significant change in the PAIAQ and relatedness measures. The Future Practice categories' effectiveness was described from qualitative analysis. The themes of gameplay, health/fitness, and feeling comfortable emerged as characteristics of instruction that led to students' future PA intentions. The most influential instructional Future Practices were the Social Interaction and Outside Class Involvement practices as they catered to student comfort in future PA. The instructor's expertise in sequencing instructional tasks to develop students' sport skills and confidence also appeared to influence students' future PA intentions. Based on the findings of this research, instructional practices addressing game situations, health benefits, and community resources appear to be influential in university students' future exercise intentions.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2013
Basic Instruction Courses (BIC), Physical activity (PA),
Physical education for college students $z United States
Physical education and training $x Study and teaching (Higher) $z United States
Health promotion $z United States

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