Perceptions and experiences of mothers who have children with autism spectrum disorders: cross-cultural ctudies from the US and Japan

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Ai Kamei (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Judith Niemeyer

Abstract: This quantitative study proposed to answer the following question: What are the similarities and differences in maternal experiences and perceptions in regard to their children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) between the United States and Japan? A total of 96 mothers of children with ASD participated in this study. In all, 47 were recruited from North Carolina in the US and 49 were from Osaka, Japan. Surveys with 5-likert-scale questions were used to collect quantitative data. Survey responses were analyzed by using two-sample independent t-tests to compare the difference between the means of two independent groups (American and Japanese mothers). The results indicated that overall both Japanese and American mothers experienced stress and physical and emotional fatigue while little support was available from people outside of the family. It is also shown that more Japanese mothers experience a caregiving burden related to social stigma or rejection than do US mothers, experience more difficulties in their social relationships, and feel more socially isolated than American mothers.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2013
Autism, Culture, Experience, Japan, Mothers, United States
Parents of autistic children $v Cross-cultural studies
Autism spectrum disorders in children

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