Psychiatric clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, or the new practice doctorate: Meeting patients’ needs?

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mona M. Shattell, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:

Abstract: Psychiatric clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) were first introduced in 1954 by Hildegard Peplau as valuable contributors to the care of the chronically mentally ill (Spray, 1999; Wheeler, 2004). Peplau demonstrated that the therapeutic nurse-patient relationship shaped treatment outcomes. Then, during the years following mental health reform and deinstitutionalization, a golden opportunity arose for psychiatric CNSs to further their contribution in the community care of these patients.

Additional Information

Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28(8), 927-930
Language: English
Date: 2007
Psychiatric clinical nurse specialists, Chronically mentally ill

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