Cindy Brooks Dollar

There are 13 included publications by Cindy Brooks Dollar :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Adult Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use: An Examination of Bond Theory 2013 699 Using data from the 2010 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), this research examines the extent to which social bonds predict nonmedical prescription drug use among adults. Logistic regression analyses reveal that marital bonds are consist...
Age Structure and Neighborhood Homicide: Testing and Extending the Differential Institutional Engagement Hypothesis 2017 81 We examine the empirical applicability of differential institutional engagement in explaining the youth age structure effect on neighborhood homicide. Using the National Neighborhood Crime Study and Census data, we conduct a multilevel spatial analys...
The Age Structure-Crime Rate Relationship: Solving a Long-Standing Puzzle 2013 1413 Objectives: Develop the concept of differential institutional engagement and test its ability to explain discrepant findings regarding the relationship between the age structure and homicide rates across ecological studies of crime. We hypothesize th...
American Slaughterhouses and the Need for Speed: An Examination of the Meatpacking-Methamphetamine Hypothesis 2017 95 In Fast Food Nation, Eric Schlosser argues that slaughterhouse workers use methamphetamines to manage the harsh physical and emotional demands of the meatpacking industry. Similar ideas have been raised elsewhere; however, empirical tests of this hyp...
Conceptual Remixing in Criminology: Tracing Durkheim and Marx's Influence on Etiological Theories of Crime 2014 625 Sociologists have previously argued that our current knowledge and inquiries stem from our standing on the shoulders of giants. Exactly how this occurs, however, may be less clear. This paper identifies how the works of two of the most valued classic...
Examining Mental Health Court Completion: A Focal Concerns Perspective 2013 556 Sociologists have long-raised concern about disparate treatment in the justice system. Focal concerns have become the dominant perspective in explaining these disparities in legal processing decisions. Despite the growth of problem-solving courts, li...
Exploring Stigmatization and Stigma Management in Mental Health Court: Assessing Modified Labeling Theory in a New Context 2014 366 Drawing on Link and colleagues' modified labeling theory, this article examines whether the stigma management strategies defendants anticipate using after mental health court exit are associated with their reported experiences during court. Using sur...
The Importance of Romantic and Work Relations on Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adults 2015 63 Drawing from Sampson and Laub's age-graded theory, we examine whether the presence and quality of social bonds influences nonmedical usage of prescription drugs (opioids, tranquilizers, sedatives, and stimulants). We analyze data from a large and nat...
Observations of Reintegrative Shaming in a Mental Health Court 2011 1429 This study compares the use of stigmatizing and reintegrative shame – as specified in Braithwaite’s Crime, shame and reintegration (1989) – across traditional criminal court and mental health court settings. Items from the Global Observational Rating...
The Practice of Reintegrative Shaming in Mental Health Court 2015 86 Scholars and practitioners have renewed their interest in recognizing and designing restorative justice programs. Although these programs often provide successful outcomes, we know relatively little about why they work. Reintegrative shaming theory p...
Racial Threat Theory: Assessing the Evidence, Requesting Redesign 2014 2693 Racial threat theory was developed as a way to explain how population composition influences discriminatory social control practices and has become one of the most acknowledged frameworks for explaining racial disparity in criminal justice outcomes. ...
Sex Ratio Effects on Marital Formation and Dissolution, 1980–2000 2015 68 Although marriage market characteristics are often used to explain in–out marriage transitions, Guttentag and Secord's sex ratio thesis provides a unique theoretical framework by which to elucidate marriage and divorce. The theory emphasizes the avai...
Student Perceptions of Teaching Transparency 2013 653 The authors discuss the relationship between teaching transparency and active learning through the perspectives of their students. Active learning directly engages students in the learning process while transparency involves the instructor’s divulgen...