|Altruistic and Joy-of-Giving Motivations in Charitable Behavior
||This study theoretically and empirically examines altruistic and joyof- giving motivations underlying contributions to charitable activities. The theoretical analysis shows that in an economy with an infinitely large number of donors, impurely altrui...
|Book review-In: Sheldon A. Danziger and Robert H. Haveman, Editors, Understanding Poverty, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA(2002)
||Enormous shifts occurred in poverty trends, research and policies in the United States during the 1990s. Poverty rates soared early in the decade; at their peak, the rates approached the levels associated with the deep recession of the early 1980s. T...
|Book Review: Analysis of Panel Data, 2nd Edition by Cheng Hsiao
||Professor Cheng Hsiao has revised and updated his highly regarded 1986 monograph on the Analysis of Panel Data. Empirical analyses of panel data—data in which a cross-section of people, firms, countries or other observational units are followed over ...
|Book review: Rachel Connelly, Deborah S. DeGraff, Rachel A.Willis. Kids at Work: The Value of Employer-Sponsored On-site Child Care Centers.W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI (2004), ISBN 0-88099-304-9 (175pp, $16.00, Paper).
||Few employers offer direct child-care assistance to their workers, and of those that do only a tiny fraction operates on-site day care centers. Given the tremendous growth in market work among women and especially among mothers of young children in t...
|Changes in meal participation, attendance, and test scores associated with the availability of universal free school breakfasts.
||This study investigates student outcomes associated with changes
in the availability of universal free breakfasts at elementary schools in the Guilford
County Schools ðGCSÞ in North Carolina. In 2007–8, the GCS offered universal free
|Charitable Contributions to International Relief and Development
||This paper uses 1988-1991 state-level data to examine the effects of tax policy, income, and sociopolitical char-acteristics on charitable contributions to international relief and development. Unlike assistance to domestic religious, educational, cu...
|The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality
||Welfare benefits in the U.S. have experienced a much-studied secular decline since the mid-1970s. We explore a new hypothesis for this decline related to the increase in wage inequality in the labor market and the decline of real wages at the bottom ...
|The Demand for Welfare Generosity
||This paper estimates economic models of the determinants of state benefit levels in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program using 1969-1992 data. These models have been extensively researched; however, the existing literature has p...
|Do Children's Behavior Problems Limit Poor Women's Labor Market Success?
||Economically disadvantaged mothers face numerous barriers to stable, quality employment opportunities. One barrier that has received limited attention in previous research is having a child with significant psychological or behavioral problems. Using...
|Economic Restructuring and the Retreat from Marriage
||Our objective is to link recent U.S. marriage trends to changes in the employment and earnings of the marriage-eligible population, welfare benefit levels, and macroeconomic performance, which are played out differently across states. Specifically, w...
|The effect of family structure on parents’ child care time in the United States and the United Kingdom
||We use time-diary data from the 2003 and 2004 American Time Use Surveys and the 2000 United Kingdom Time Use Study to estimate the effect of family structure on the time mothers and fathers spend on primary and passive child care and on market work, ...
|The Effects of Economic Conditions and Access to Reproductive Health Services on State Abortion Rates and Birthrates
||The effects that such factors as wages, welfare policies and access to physicians, family planning clinics and abortion providers have on abortion rates and birthrates are examined in analyses based on 1978-1988 state-level data and longitudinal regr...
|The effects of local employment opportunities on youths' work and schooling
||This study uses individual-level data from the Sample Edited Detail File of the 1990 Decennial Census of the United States to estimate multinomial logit models of young men's and women's enrollment and employment behavior. The models include county-l...
|The Effects of Teenage Fertility on Young Adult Childbearing
||Numerous studies of fertility behavior find that an early age at first birth increases the rate of subsequent childbearing. Typically, however, these studies do not account for the possibility of serial correlation in the unobserved determinants of f...
|Exchange, role modeling and the intergenerational transmission of elder support attitudes: Evidence from three generations of Mexican-Americans
||Social exchange theory and role modeling are alternative theories of how the willingness to provide intergenerational assistance is transmitted from one generation to the next. Distinguishing between these theories is difficult because they apparentl...
|Financial Stress, Family Conflict, and Australian Youths’ Transitions from Home and School
||We analyze the effect of mothers’ and youths’ reports of family financial stress and relationship dissatisfaction on Australian youths’ transitions into adult roles. We find that mothers’ reports of financial stresses and borrowing constraints are as...
|Food insecurity and insufficiency at low levels of food expenditures
||In this study we investigate the external validity of the food insecurity and insufficiency measures—specifically, how these measures correlate with food expenditures—using the December 2003 Food Security Supplement of the Current Population Survey. ...
|Food stamp participation among adult-only households
Several recent changes in the Food Stamp Program have been directed toward households without children, including new work requirements for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) and easier application and recertification procedure...
|FOOD STAMPS, TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES AND FOOD HARDSHIPS IN THREE AMERICAN CITIES
||We examine how participation in the Food Stamp and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Programs is associated with self-reported household food hardships, using data from a longitudinal survey of low-income families living in Boston, Chicago and ...
|Forecasting the Labour Market by Occupation and Education: The Forecasting Activities of Three European Labour Market Research Institutes, edited by J. A. M. Heijke
||This book presents nine papers from a 1992 conference of labor market research institutes from the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. The conference was held to commemorate the founding of the Research Centre for Education and the Labour M...
|If at first you don’t succeed: applying for and staying on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
||We examine households’ applications to and participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program using administrative records from South Carolina. We model application resolutions with multinomial logit (MNL) specifications where the possibl...
|The influence of wages on parents’ allocations of time to child care and market work in the United Kingdom
||We use time-diary data on couples with children from the 2000 United Kingdom Time Use Survey to examine the impacts of own and partner’s wages on parents’ provision of child care and market work on weekdays and on weekends and holidays. We find that ...
|Is Individually-Targeted Food Assistance Shared among Family Members?
||The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), the School Breakfast Program (SBP), and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) share a common goal of helping p...
|Long-term implications of welfare reform for the development of adolescents and young adults
||We draw upon the 3-wave longitudinal dataset called Welfare Children and Families: A Three-City Study to examine the long-term implications for adolescents and young adults (N = 783) of mothers' welfare receipt and labor force participation from 1999...
|A Multinomial Logit Analysis of Teenage Fertility and High School Completion
||This paper examines economic, institutional and sociological antecedents of high school completion and adolescent fertility using data on women from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth A multinomial logit model is estimated in which the de...
|Occupational Status and Health Transitions.
||We use longitudinal data from the 1984-2007 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to
examine how occupational status is related to the health transitions of 30-59 year-old U.S. males.
A recent history of blue-collar employment predicts a subs...
|Parental Child Care in Single-Parent, Cohabiting, and Married-Couple Families: Time-Diary Evidence from the United Kingdom
||The time that parents spend caring for their children is a topic of intense interest among researchers, policymakers, and parents themselves. Parental inputs of time are enormously valuable investments in children’s well-being and development. Howeve...
|A Siblings Analysis of the Effects of Alcohol Consumption Onset on Educational Attainment
||This article examines the relationship between youthful drinking and educational attainment using data on same-sex siblings pairs from the 1979-90 panels of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We consider different estimators that can be const...
|The Socioeconomic Consequences of Young Women's Childbearing: Reconciling Disparate Evidence
||Recent studies have begun to examine rigorously the links between early childbearing and subsequent socioeconomic status. Prominent in this literature has been a set of analyses that have used sibling fixed effects models to control for omitted varia...
|State Abortion Policy, Geographic Access to Abortion Providers, and Changing Family Formation
||Context: One of the goals in cutting welfare payments and setting time limits on welfare receipt is the reduction of out-of-wedlock childbearing among poor women. Yet such changes may increase the demand for abortion at the same time that access to a...
|A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women
||This article empirically examines married women's labor supply and
child care expenditures. The article uses winter 1984-85 data from
the Survey of Income and Program Participation to estimate a fully
structural econometric model of labor supply a...
|Teenage Fertility and High School Completion
||This paper uses 1979-85 data on women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the eco-nomic, sociological, and institutional antecedents of adolescent childbearing and high school completion and to analyze the effect of early childb...
|Transitions from welfare and the employment prospects of low-skill workers
||This study examines the effects that labor market conditions and welfare policy changes had on single mothers' welfare participation and economic outcomes using longitudinal, individual-level data from the 1992 and 1993 panels of the Survey of Income...
|Transitions in Welfare Participation and Female Headship
||This study uses data from the 1990, 1992, 1993 and 1996 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine how welfare policies and local economic conditions contribute to women’s transitions into and out of female headship and into ...
|Welfare and the Rise in Female-Headed Families
||The article provides a bridge between recent marriage market research
and studies of welfare incentive effects on U.S. family formation.
Estimates from state and county fixed-effects models indicate
significant effects of changing state Aid to Fam...
|Welfare Generosity: The Importance of Administrative Efficiency, Community Values and Genuine Benevolence
||Using 1988-1991 state-level data, a public expenditure model is estimated for benefits paid through the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programme. The paper investigates whether differences in programme efficiency, community attitudes,...
|Welfare Reform and Female Headship
||While much of the focus of recent welfare reforms has been on moving recipients from welfare to work, many reforms were also directed at decisions regarding living arrangements, pregnancy, marriage, and cohabitation. This article assesses the impact ...
|Welfare Reform in the Mid-2000s: How African American and Hispanic Families in Three Cities Are Faring
||This article reports on a sample of 538 African American and Hispanic women who were receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in 1999, 416 of whom left the program by 2005. The Hispanic women consisted of a Mexican-origin group and a ...