|Alone in a Crowd: Meeting Students' Needs for Relevance and Connection in Urban High School Physical Education
||Student engagement is a critical issue in education. A key component of engagement is the student's sense of membership. When students believe in and feel a part of the purposes of school and physical education, they are more likely to engage in acti...
|Analyzing Curriculum as Participant Perspectives
||For this study, curriculum was defined as a holistic set of perspectives that
interact to create the educational environment. The Goodlad et al. (1979)
domain concept was used as the theoretical structure for the examination of
content in three el...
|Cognitive style and gender differences in children's motor task performance
||Memory storage capacity and system flexibility of 7 year-old children were examined through performance on a novel ball-intercepting task. Field dependence/independence served as the theoretical base for the study. The task required students in 56) t...
|Cognitive style differences within an analytical curriculum: Examples of success and nonsuccess
||This research was conducted to examine field dependence/independence cognitive style differences exhibited by young children. In analytically-oriented movement education curricula. It was hypothesized that an analytical focus demands mental energy, m...
|Communicating the Value of Active, Healthy Lifestyles to Urban Students
||Major obstacles 10 educational effectiveness exist for many low-income students of color who attend urban public schools. Many obstacles appear to be correlated with low incidences of physical activity in children and adolescents. Three factors - imm...
|Content knowledge transformation: An Examination of the relationship between content knowledge and curricula.
||Theories associated with teacher knowledge suggest that teachers transform subject content knowledge into pedagogical content knowledge in teaching to enhance the content comprehensibility. It is assumed that the connection between teacher content kn...
|The Context of a Culturally Unresponsive Curriculum: Constructing Ethnicity and Gender Within a Contested Terrian
||The purpose of this research was to examine retrospectively the impact of federal mandates for forced school desegregation and coeducational programs on the curricular and teaching decisions of veteran teachers. A series of three narrative interviews...
|Creating a Culturally Relevant Curriculum for Disengaged Girls
||Findings from physical education research conducted over the last two decades suggest that girls' experiences in and perceptions of physical education in many team sport-based programs are less than satisfactory. Team sports taught within a tradition...
|Creating urban classroom communities worthy of trust
||Developing trusting relationships between teachers and students in urban secondary schools everywhere is a challenging task that is essential to maintaining an effective learning environment. Trust involves a fragile web of relationships nurtured thr...
|Curricula of Mutual Worth: Comparisons of Students' and Teachers' Curricular Goals
||Teachers' educational values appear to influence their decision-making, but they are not the only decision-makers in the classroom. Students are also actively deciding on courses of action, yet educators know very little about students' values or the...
|Curriculum Theory as Practiced: Case Studies of Operationalized Value Orientations
||This research was conducted to investigate the role of value orientations
in effective elementary physical educators' curricular decision making.
Educational value orientations served as the theoretical base for the research.
Three research questi...
|Curriculum: Forming and Reshaping the Vision of Physical Education in a High Need, Low Demand World of Schools
||This paper highlights events and issues in the development of physical education
as a school subject. From the origin of physical culture in the German and
Swedish “Battle of the Gymnastics Systems” to the advent of the New Physical
Education in 1...
|Development of an instrument for assessing educational value orientations
||The concept of values as persistent universal beliefs has been developed extensively in the disciplines of philosophy, sociology, anthropology and psychology.1 According to Kerlinger, the interest in the under-standing and measurement of b...
|Discrete Thinking Skills in Two Teachers' Physical Education Classes
||Integrating thinking skills such as focusing, information gathering, and organization into all
subjects is becoming increasingly important in
elementary schools. The nonacademic subjects
of physical education, art, and music can provide
|Ecological Integration as a Value Orientation for Curricular Decision Making
||Historically, various educational theories have used ecological themes. I The relationship between the human and the natural world is foremost symbiotic. Because human beings are part of nature, their actions influence and ate influenced by the natur...
|Educational Climate in Elective Adult education: Shared Decision Making and Communication Patterns
||Educational climate represents the social and contextual qualities of an organization as perceived by the participants. The theoretical construct of educational climate encompasses a range of variables which have been categorized as ecology, milieu, ...
|The Ethic of Care in Teaching: An Overview of Supportive Literature
||The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of three theoretical frameworks
that appear related to teachers who manifest an ethic of care. An in-depth review
of related literature develops Noddings' theory of the ethic of care, focusing o...
|Goals, Interests, and Learning in Physical Education
||Student achievement motivation has become a complex construct in physical education because of the competitive nature of sports and physiological discomfort associated with exercising. With updated national standards, physical education has been unde...
|Implementing Curriculum Within a Context of Fear and Disengagement
||The purpose of this study was to examine situational and personal contextual
factors that teachers and students reported as enhancing or minimizing student
engagement in urban high school physical education classes. In this ethnographic
study, 21 ...
|The Influence of Value Orientations in Curriculum Decision Making
||Value orientations play an important role in secondary physical education
curriculum decision making by influencing the teacher's curriculum content
priorities relative to student needs and interests, school context, and subject
matter goals. Five...
|Instructional strategies to facilitate the learning of field-dependent children
||Three instructional strategies were examined to assist field-dependent children to compensate for cognitive limitations in memory storage capacity and system flexibility. The interpretive study was conducted with field-dependent (FD) 7-year-old child...
|Knowledge and Beliefs Underlying Curricular Expertise
||Curricular expertise is reflected in teachers' abilities to select and convey
content appropriate to the learner within a particular contextual setting and
situation. Teachers' knowledge and beliefs are instrumental in the curriculum
|Learning Characteristics of Field-Dependent Children Within an Analytical Concept-Based Curriculum
||The purpose of this research was the examination of the field-dependent/independent cognitive style as it related to learning within a Logsdon-based movement curriculum. Subjects consisted of 104 children scoring in the 1st- (field independent) and 4...
|Many-Faceted Rasch Modeling Expert Judgment in Test Development
||The purpose of this study was to model expert judgment in test and instrument development using the many-faceted Rasch model. A 150-item value orientation inventory-2 (VOI-2) assessing the value of physical education curriculum goals was developed an...
|New Directions in Undergraduate and Graduate Education in Kinesiology and Physical Education
||New opportunities exist in graduate and undergraduate kinesiology programs
for both enhancement and innovation. Professional master’s degrees prepare
students for careers at the intersections of academic disciplines and the business
|Pedagogic Strategies Perceived to Enhance Student Learning in Athletic Training Education
||Objective: To investigate students' and instructors' educational experiences in Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)-accredited athletic training education programs and specifically to determine to what extent peda...
|Properties of Purpose Concepts in an Operational Middle-School Curriculum
||The curriculum activity initiated during the 1960s to define the structure of
knowledge in physical education (Austin, 1965; Brown, 1967; Brown & Cassidy,
1963; Mackenzie, 1969; Pye & Alexander, 1971; Stanley, 1969; Tillotson,
1969; Ulrich & Nixon...
|Reconceptualizing Learning as a Dynamical System
||Few educators believe that the complex processes contributing to learning in classrooms occur randomly or chaotically. Quite the contrary,
most argue that there Is an order in classrooms that is stable and repeatable and ultimately allows students t...
|A Sense of Connection: Toward Social Constructivist Physical Education
||In social constructivist educational theory, the classroom is seen as a community of learners. According to social constructivists, learning occurs through peer interactions, student ownership of the curriculum and educational experiences that are au...
|Situational interest, cognitive engagement, and achievement in physical education
||Students’ learning has been the center of schooling. This study examined the contribution of situational interest motivation and cognitive engagement in workbooks to student achievement in learning health-related fitness knowledge. Situational intere...
|Students and teachers’ perceptions of conflict and power
||Social and economic changes have altered the traditional view of the teacher as the primary power holder in the classrooms making way for a reciprocal power relationship with students in which students and teachers share control of the learning envir...
|Students' Experiences in Sport-Based Physical Education: [More Than] Apologies are Necessary
||Those of us who have been participants in sport for much of our lives often
find it a time-consuming and irrelevant task to defend the joys and rewards of
physical activity to the uninformed or the uninitiated. Some physical education
|Teachers’ Responses to Noncompliant Students: The Realities and Consequences of a Negotiated Curriculum
||This research examined the context in urban high school physical education classes that influenced 10 teachers' conceptualizations of realistic educational goals for their students. Ethnographic data in the form of field notes and interviews were ana...
|Teaching value-laden curricula in physical education
||Research on physical educators' value orientations has identified five orientations:
disciplinary mastery, learning process, self-actualization, social responsibility,
and ecological integration. An interpretive research design was used to compare ...
|A Theoretical Framework: The Central Piece of a Research Plan
||Establishing a line of research always begins with a plan of action that I call a research plan. For untenured faculty members, developing and implementing a research plan may seem more like racing through an orienteering course than creating a syste...
|Urban Secondary Teachers' Value Orientations: Delineating Curricular Goals for Social Responsibility
||This research examined content and task decisions of 11 urban secondary
physical educators who placed a high priority on social curriculum goals.
Transcript data from a stimulated-recall protocol were analyzed using constant
comparison to determin...
|Urban Secondary Teachers’ Value Orientations: Social Goals for Teaching
||The research examined the intended planning and teaching decisions of 11 secondary physical education teachers to determine their rationale and goals for a socially focused curriculum within social reconstruction or social responsibility value orient...
|The use of hierarchical problem solving subroutines in the solution of exercise science problems
||Hierarchical problem solving strategies employed in solving science problems were examined in this study. Hypothesis testing was used as the theoretical base for the study of differences in problem solving within a computer simulation framework. Unde...
|The use of problem solving skills in computer-aided instruction: an evaluation
||When computer programs are designed to elicit problem solving skills by the user, this basic premise should be tested in an objective manner. The Health and Fitness Assessment program was evaluated as an interactive program with a substantial emphasi...
|Using a computer simulation to compare expert/novice problem-solving subroutines
||Hierarchical problem-solving strategies employed in solving exercise science problems were examined in this study, which also tested the validity of an educational computer simulation. Hypothesis testing was used as the theoretical base for the study...
|What Works in Physical Education: Designing and Implementing a Quality Educational Program
||When coupled with effective teaching practices, the National Standards for Physical Education
(NASPE 1992, 1995) enhance students' physical skills and conceptual understandings associated with human movement (Allison et al. 2000; Mohnson 1998). The ...
|When Avoiding Confrontation Leads to Avoiding Content: Disruptive students’ impact on curriculum
||In some high schools, teacher-student confrontations constitute a typical, if unwanted, aspect of the school context. These confrontations are situations in which individuals disagree and are unwilling to negotiate or compromise their positions. Conf...